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APRIL-MAY, 1968 

, Vi. 

Cactus in Spring 

— a California delight 

;, *£* Br 

Floral events . . . 


San Diego Floral Association Programs 

Third Tuesday, Floral Building, Balboa Park 
Chairman, Mrs. Eugene Cooper 

April 16 

1:30 p.m., Floral Building. Mrs. Rosalind Sarver of San Marcos 
will speak on "Azaleas." It is a privilege to hear Mrs. Sarver, 
especially if you have seen her azalea greenhouses. Mrs. Sarver 
has graciously consented to furnish a plant table as a benefit for 
California Garden. She will also bring some plants which are 
new introductions, and which will be available for purchase, after 
the talk. 

May 21 

1:30 p.m., Floral Building. Mrs. John Marx of La Jolla will 
present a program featuring flower arrangements. Mrs. Marx is 
an artist, and you will find observing her work a rewarding 


June Meeting, June 18, will feature Mr. and Mrs. A. B. C. Darcy 
of La Mesa showing their beautiful slides, "Tulip Time in Hol- 
land." The evening meeting will be preceded by a potluck dinner 
at 6:30. Watch your newsletter for details. The Darcys are world 
travelers and expert photographers. 


ROSE SHOW, April 13 and 14, Conference Building, Balboa 
Park, San Diego, California. 

Conference Hall, Balboa Park, San Diego, California April 19, 
20, 21. Admission, Si. 00. No charge for children under 12 if 
accompanied by adults. 

CORONADO FLOWER SHOW, April 20, 21, at Spreckel's 
Park, Orange Avenue, Coronado, California. 

and 21, Los Angeles State & County Arboretum, Arcadia, 

LIS SOCIETY SHOW, April 27, 28, Los Angeles State & County 
Arboretum, Arcadia, California. 

BROMELIAD SHOW, May 4 and 5, Culver & Overland Blvds, 
Veterans Memorial Building, Culver City, California. 
Conference Building, Balboa Park, San Diego, California. 
Tour planned — buses will load at 9:30 a.m. behind the organ 
pavilion in Balboa Park. The bus will travel northward through- 
out the "Flower Country" of Encinitas and La Costa en route to 
Fallbrook. The bus will return to San Diego by 5 p.m. Included 
in the tour will be stops at a shell and driftwood store, at a 
nursery featuring cacti, and the Sarver Azalea Nursery. Tickets, 
$4.00. (Flower show is free.) 

BUSCH GARDEN TOUR. Requests for a return trip on the 
highly successful Busch Tours recently held have resulted in a 
scheduled tour May 18 (Saturday). Tour Ticket, $5.50. Buses 
will load in organ pavilion parking lot at 8:30 a.m. 

NATIONAL ROSE SHOW at the Disneyland Hotel, June 8-9, 
Saturday and Sunday. Bus ticket, $5.50 through the Floral 
Association. ■ 



454-424 1 


John tole& 4- % * 
book* craft shop 

See us at our NEW LOCATION 
780 Prospect, La Jolla 



Commercial and Artistic 




• IN JUNE • 

"Fuchsias on Parade" 

JUNE 2, 1968 — 11 a.m. -6 p.m. 
Floral Building, Balboa Park 



San Diego's Oldest 
and Largest Garden Club 

Floral Building, 

Balboa Park 


Founded 1907 — Incorporated 1910 


Mr. Virgil H. Schade 


Mrs. Eugene Cooper 


Dr. George W. Bremner 

Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Eugene Whigham 

Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Walter Bunker. )r. 


Term 1965-1968 

Mrs. Mark Baldwin 
Mrs. Paul Squire 

Term 1966-1969 

Mrs. Donald A. Innis 
Mrs. Roland Hoyt 

Term 1967-1969 

Mrs. L. J. Kulot 

Captain Charles E. A. Spiegel 


Mrs. Eugene Daney 


Mrs. Anne Robinson Tedford 
Mr. Roland Hoyt 
Mr. Chauncy I. Jerabek 
Mrs. Alice Mary Clark 
Miss Alice Mary Rainford 




SINCE 1909 


the fourth annual 


May 23, 24, and 25, 1968 

Plan your cut flowers, bonsais, featured 
displays, hanging baskets, miniature 
planters and perennials now! Give your 
display a touch of genius. 

for information call 
San Diego Men's Flower and Garden Club 


APRIL - MAY, 1968 


San Diego's Own Garden Magazine 
April -May, 1968 

Vol. 59 

No. 2 


Except for the prickly pear of the Atlantic states, known to Linnaeus, and four 
species from the upper Missouri River described in 1814 as a result of the 
exploration of the Louisiana Purchase, the first cacti in this country to be known 
to science came from San Diego. In 1834 Thomas Nuttall, pioneer of western 
American botany, discovered in the village of San Diego, then little more than 
the Mexican mission and its Indians, Echinocactus viridescens and Cereus cali- 
fornicus.* The photo of cactus and rocks, a wonderful combination, was taken 
by Eugene Cooper. 
*"Cacti of California' by E. Yule Dawson, p. 3. 


The Love, Care and Feeding of Orchids by G. W . (Bill) Thomas 

Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow by Frank Fordyce 10 

The Smallest Cactus by Gilbert A. Voss 12 

Soils — California Style by Jim Stalsonburg 13 

What is a Torrey? 14 

Rosarians at Work by Alary Jane and J. Wells Hersbey 15 

Azaleas 18 

Coronado's Annual Flower Show by Dorothy P. Whiteside 19 

Learn to Look at Your City by Mrs. Don F. Smith 21 

What is a Bromeliad? 23 

The Jicama by Rosalie Garcia 24 

The Landscaping Value of Irises by Bill Gunther ... 25 

Walk into Springtime in San Clemente Canyon 27 

A Tale of Two Cities by Virginia M. Innis 33 


Orchids by Byron Geer 29 

Roses by Mary Jane and J . Wells Hershey _ 30 

Dahlias by Larry Sisk 32 


Published Bi-Monthly by the SAN DIEGO FLORAL ASSOCIATION 
Floral Association Building, Balboa Park, San Diego, California 92101 


Publication Board 

Virgil Schade, President; Mrs. W. E. Betts, Jr.; Mrs. Donald A. Innis; 
Mrs. William Mackintosh; Mrs. John Marx; and Mrs. Paul Witham 

Editor: Virginia Casty Norell 

Editorial Office: 9173 Overton Avenue 

San Diego, California 92123 

Phone: 277-8893 

Staff Photographer: 

Betty Mackintosh 


Contact Mrs. Virginia Norell, 277-8893 
9173 Overton Avenue, San Diego, 
California 92123 

Advertising rates on request. Copy deadline, 1st day of the month preceding date of issue. 

California Garden is on the list of publications authorized by the San Diego Retail Merchants Associa- 
tion. Entered as second-class matter, Dec. 8, 1910 at the Post Office at San Diego California under the 
Act of March 3, 1879. 

©1968. "We reserve the right to grant permission for quotation." Write to Editor at address shown above. 


invites you to attend 

FOR 1968 

San Diego's 4ist Annual 
Spring Rose Show 

"Four Seasons of Roses 


Conference Building, Balboa Park 

Saturday, April 13, 

2:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. 

Sunday, April 14, 

10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. 

Donation, 50c 


The American Rose 


National Convention 

Sponsored by the San Diego 
Rose Society, Inc. 

Disneyland, Anaheim, California 
June 5, 6, 7, 8, 1968 

Registration Fee for Convention, $5.00 


Join the San Diego Floral Association 
Tours to the National Rose Show on 
June 7 and 8, 1968. 

• Amateurs are invited to exhibit in 
both shows. For information, call Mrs. 
Jim Campbell, 278-4372. 


You are invited to 
become a member of 

Jhe ~S5an <Jjieao 
^jriorat ^Ar55ociatlon 

Membership includes: 

• Monthly meetings featuring 
outstanding speakers 

• A monthly Sunday afternoon 
garden tour 

• Subscription to CALIFORNIA 
GARDEN bi-monthly 

• Use of a large horticultural 

Fill in box with membership desired and 

mail with check to 

San Diego Floral Association 
Balboa Park, San Diego, Calif. 92101 

Classification of Memberships: 

Individual ...$ 5.00 □ 

Family $ 5.50 □ 

Sustaining $10.00 □ 

Contributing $25.00 □ 

Name . . . 


Zip _____ 


Send new and old address 

plus zip code to 

Balboa Park, San Diego I, Calif. 92101 





Revised Edition, 1967, with Official 
Plant-Flower-Tree Guide for 200th 
Anniversary Floral Com. 1969 Cele- 

For Your Gardening Pleasure and 
Gifts for Friends, 
Mail $1.10 Each 




P. O. Box 3175, S. D. 92103 

All Proceeds Benefit 
Childrens & Youth Concerts 

A Gift 

From Each Of Us 

To All Of Us 

IT is proposed to re-construct in concrete, for permanence, the 1915 
Exposition Food & Beverage Building in Balboa Park. It is pro- 
posed that the exterior design, which has delighted San Diegans 
and visitors alike for over 50 years, be retained. The trees and plant- 
ing of its horticultural setting will be preserved. The interior will be 
developed as two floors providing more than 100,000 square feet of 
useable space. Patios are proposed as in the House of Hospitality. 

San Diego today has more than 15 times the population of the 
San Diego of 1913 and 1914. Yet that little city constructed the en- 
tire 1915 Exposition, the buildings of which remain today the only 
such integrated group of Spanish Colonial buildings in the Western 
Hemisphere. The San Diego Historical Sites Board has declared the 
area an "Historic Site." It is impossible to believe that our present 
city, the 15th in size in the United States, need allow the buildings 
which comprise this unique cultural heritage to disappear. 

There is great demand for the use of the space which would be 
created by the rebuilt Food & Beverage Building. It is proposed that 
the building be re-named the "Garden Center" and be utilized, in part, 
to house botanical garden groups and other agricultural organizations 
of our county. The proximity of the building to existing horticultural 
development in the Park dictates this use as proposed by past planners 
and affirmed by our City Council in their granting of an option on this 
space to the Botanical Foundation. 

It is unnecessary to devote the entire new building to botanical 
and agricultural uses. Among the many users who might be considered 
for space not allocated for botanical and agricultural uses are youth 
groups including the San Diego Junior Theatre, the Junior Civic Ballet 
and the Youth Symphony. All such groups are presently inadequately 
housed or will be without space upon demolition of the existing Food 
& Beverage Building. Cultural groups including the San Diego Civic 
Light Opera Association and the San Diego Symphony Orchestra Asso- 
ciation both need rehearsal space. Adult programs including various 
Round and Square Dance groups and craft programs for both the 
youngster and the old-timer involve extensive numbers of San Diegans 
and their growing needs are an increasing concern. In short, it is a 
question of too much demand for the use of the proposed building 
rather than too little. 

The glittering promise of the Garden Center Building in Balboa 
Park, re-built in permanent form, stems from its original endowment 
of authentic Spanish Colonial architecture of the past. The fulfillment 
of the promise will be realized in the adaptability of the building to 
provide for present needs of the citizens of San Diego. 
Statement of information by The San Diego Botanical-Garden 
Foundation and The Committee of One Hundred 

APRIL -MAY, 1968 

Jn Hfetttflriam 

iHrsL Slattra Carlson 

illr. Wialanh &. ^oijt 

Members of The San Diego Floral Association are deeply grieved at the loss 
of these good friends. Grateful acknowledgment is expressed herewith for the 
Memorial contributions which have come to us from those who chose this 
wonderful way of remembering and honoring Mrs. Carlson and Mr. Hoyt. 



takes time to appreciate 

the mass of Cymbidiums 

Photos in 

this article 

by Betty Mackintosh 

The Love, Care and Feeding of Orchids 

by G. W. (Bill) Thomas 

Ridgeway Orchid Gardens 

Orchids are being grown by ever- 
increasing numbers of commer- 
cial growers and hobbyists. 
And, there probably have been as 
many articles or books written, as there 
are growers, about some phase of 
orchid growing and the problems re- 
lated thereto. In most cases the au- 
thor is sharing a persona] success 
which he hopes will aid others who 
may have been less successful. From 
the vast amount of information thus 
published over the many years, one 
can glean certain acceptable standards 
or basic procedures to follow in the 
growing and care of the most common 
genera of orchids. 

Where many experiences are re- 
lated, there are departures from the 
orthodox which, you learn, have been 
highly successful. This solicited arti- 
cle is being presented to inform of 
still another departure from the con- 
ventional procedures used by the ma- 
jority of growers. 

Feeding Orchids 

We will concentrate on the feed- 
ing program and potting medium used 
by us at Ridgeway Orchid Gardens, 
since this is where lies the greatest 
divergence. We learn that orchids will 

tolerate comparatively great incongru- 
ity in their growing conditions, but 
for most of us, just toleration is not 
enough. The goal is to attain a max- 
imum number ot strong, healthy 
growths resulting in the ultimate in 
Bower production, both in quantity 
and quality. It is our opinion that 
we should be searching continually tor 
new media, tertilizers and growing 
conditions that will do an even better 
job. Those conditions that will help 
us attain our stated goal, then, should 
be the ones used. 

An Excellent Potting Medium 

Osmundine, Hapuu, fir bark, red- 
wood bark and red rock, both singly 
and in various 'concoctions,' have been 
used at our gardens but never with 
the success we have with our present 
potting medium, Redwood shavings. 
The potting medium should be one 
that is easy to water, will retain water 
long enough to be of value to the 
plant and still not be water-logged, 
and which will retain applied fertili- 
zers so the plant will have food avail- 
able any time it is hungry. Redwood 
shavings meet these requirements. Our 
cattleya plants develop multiple, large, 
plump growths and even the old 

pseudobulbs have a tendency to plump 
up again. 

Most 'composts' (with bark as the 
chief ingredient) are ditncult to get 
wet without submerging the pot and 
this is an undesirable practice. Even 
repeated waterings are apt to give only 
superficial wetness, due to the size 
ot the particles of bark, thus drying 
out quickly. Hence, such composts 
provide enough moisture for good 
growing tor only about two or three 
days a week, if the plant is watered 

Better for Moisture 

The Redwood shavings will get 
thoroughly wet each watering, drains 
well, and will retain adequate moisture 
to promote growth 5 or 6 days a week, 
resulting in more and larger growths. 
During the summer months we try to 
avoid letting the shavings get com- 
pletely dry at any time. We use an 
l /%" mesh to screen out the sawdust 
from the shavings and we pot dry, 
packing as firmly as we can with the 
lingers. We are discovering that most 
genera of orchids potted in plastic 
pots are doing better on an average 
than those in clay pots. Redwood 
shavings are used on all qenera oJ 

APRIL - MAY, 1968 

orchids but cymbidiums and cypripe- 
diums. The cymbidium mix is l/ 3 
shavings and % shredded Redwood 

The feeding program at Ridgeway 
Orchid Gardens is ridiculously simple. 
Any fertilizing program should pro- 
vide all the requirements of the plants 
at the time they need them to pro- 
mote the best growth and the ulti- 
mate in flower production. We are 
of the opinion that most plants are 
using some fertilizer at all times and 
that there is sufficient light to activate 
the chlorophyll in the leaf structure, 
correlated with proper moisture and 
temperature conditions. 

A "Pill in a Pot" 

We provide this constant source of 
food by merely using a tablet form 
of fertilizer with an analysis of 14 (N) 
-4(P)-6(K) and apply every 3 to 4 
months, varying with the genus of 
orchids. These tablets are Agriform 
Container Tablets or Agriform Gro- 

Many hobbyists admit neglect in 
adhering to a definite feeding schedule. 
It seems the plants are victims of pro- 
crastination when a liquid-type ferti- 
lizer is the method of feeding. Rain, 
golf, vacations, sickness, shopping or 
some other excuse may upset the sched- 
ule. The presence of Agriform Gro- 
Tabs on the pots would nullify the 
neglect for up to 4 months. 

For 4 years we have been using these 
tablets on all genera of orchids — 
cattleya, phalaenopsis, cymbidiums, 
species, etc., with ever-increasing 
flower production. Incidentally, the 
tablets do equally well on all other 
acid loving plants. 

Slow-Release Chemicals 

Most of the nutrients in Agriform 
Container Tablets are derived from 
slow-release chemicals, and will pro- 
vide adequate plant nutrition for up 
to 4 months, varying with frequency 

Phalaenopsis, the dainty white Chin- 
ese Butterfly — or Chinese Moth, is 
grown especially for wedding dec- 

of watering and the season of the 
year. A sufficient amount of water-sol- 
uble nitrogen, readily available phos- 
phorus and potash is included in the 
14-4-6 formula to feed plants until 
the prolonged-release nutrients become 
available through the action of soil 

Disadvantages of Water-Solubles 

When you put a Gro-Tab on a 
potted plant you know it is getting 
a scientifically balanced formula and 
that every plant is getting the same 
formula and the same amount. For 
bigger plants just drop on more tab- 
lets. When water-soluble fertilizers 
are made into a concentrate and dis- 
pensed through some form of propor- 
tioner, there may be a doubt that every 
plant has received its share. At the 
tail end of the application the con- 
centrate may be diluted and thus less 
fertilizer going to the 'last in line.' 
Also, with the abundance of calcium in 
most water, there is apt to be a chem- 
ical reaction with the phosphate in 
the formula to produce a form of 
phosphate which is insoluble, evi- 
denced by a precipitate in the concen- 
trate bottle. The only way this phos- 
phate can get on the potting medium 
is to keep agitating the concentrate so 
as to keep the particles in suspension 
as it passes through the proportioner. 
But, in many proportioners this would 
dilute the concentrate so that it will 
be decreasing continually in strength 
thus depriving the last in line their 
just share. When the liquid fertilizers 
are applied to the compost, some is 
taken up by the roots immediately, 
some is stored in the particles of com- 
post, but most ends up on the ground 

as a needless waste. On the other 
hand, there is little or no leaching of 
the nutrients from the Gro-Tabs and 
thus no waste. 

Incidentally, the texture of the shav- 
ings lends itself remarkably well to 
the Agriform tablets. The shavings 
provides many small interstices for the 
particles of disintegrated tablets to 
penetrate and thus be where the action 
is — in the presence of moisture and 

Now, a word of caution. This ar- 
ticle was written to inform, not to 
convert. It is not intended in any way 
to tell you how or what you must do. 
May we merely suggest that after 
everything else you have tried does 
not give you the results you desire, 
you consider the information we have 
presented. b 

This photo shows details of the love- 
ly form of Phalaenopsis. 



You are invited to visit us NOW ... see our beautiful 


• Cymbidiums • Cattleyas • Phalaenopsis * 

Ridgeway Orchid Gardens 

2467 Ridgeway Dr., National City 



Cymbidiums flower in Southern 
California during late winter and 
spring months. They may be grown 
outdoors in protected places, and 
their genes carry a great variety of 
delicate colors. 

A mass display of Chinese Butterfly Orchids. 

Translucent petals of the Cattleya 
catch and transmit the filtered light 
of the greenhouse walls. 


Twenty-Second Annual 


"Orchid Fantasy 


Sponsored by The San Diego County Orchid Society, Inc. 

Conference Hall — Balboa Park, San Diego, California. 

April 19, 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.; April 20, 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.; and 
April 21,10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. 

Admission, $1.00 
No charge for Children under 12 if Accompanied by Adult 

Charles J. Day, Show Director 



Nonburning, long-lasting fertilizer in 
convenient, labor-saving tablets. Ap- 
ply to soil surface of container-grown 
nursery stock or pot plants. A single 
application provides all major plant 
nutrients for 4 to 6 months. Use 
alone or in conjunction with liquid 

Excellent for ORCHIDS and FUCHSIAS 




Box 323, Newark, California 94560 

APRIL -MAY, 1968 

Trends in Orchids 





by Frank Fordyce 

Trends are unpredictable, as they 
mold our very existence into cer- 
tain patterns of behavior. The 
business world, ever alert to any ex- 
cuse for starting a new trend, domi- 
nates our lives with such alluring trap- 
pings of modern man, as credit cards, 
two automobiles per family, seamless 
stockings and a different colored wig 
for each gown. Trends are not entirely 
an American custom, but we, never 
content to stand still, keep searching 
for that certain something different or 
unusual that enables us to stand out 
among others. 

It has been my observation that the 
orchids business has its share of trends 
also. Let us consider Cymbidiums. To 
the average American, Cymbidiums 
hardly existed until after the second 
World War. True, they have an illus- 
trious background dating back several 
centuries, but to the average hobbyist 
or grower, the trend of popularity be- 
gan when England was forced to sell 
a quantity of its orchid stocks to 
make room for the production of 
greenhouse-grown vegetables. 

A sprinkling of adventuresome hob- 
byists and nurserymen, having mas- 
tered the art of growing camellias, 
fuchsias, and begonias, purchased 
small lots of proven plants as well as 
seedlings. The unusual wax-like 
blooms rapidly gained in popularity 
and commanded high prices. This 
rapid ascent to popularity reached its 
peak in the years 1957 to I960 as the 
American market began to produce 
and bloom seedlings in quantities un- 
heard of in previous records. With 
California being the headquarters for 

the production of the majority of new 
seedlings, the various trends began to 
take form. 

The Original Rarities 

At first, any plant, as long as it 
was called a Cymbidium, was rare and 
much sought after. Then followed the 
trend of searching out the recently 
awarded plants in England and im- 
porting them at fantastic prices. These, 
jealously guarded, were nurtured in 
every growing medium conceivable to 
maturity and the newly formed Cym- 
bidium Society began its award system. 

At first any group of seedlings of- 
fered were snapped up by eager hob- 
byists. Most of these early breeding 
attempts were of diploid parentage. 
As finer parents were either imported 
or discovered in this country, the seed- 
ling offerings began to sparkle with 
such now famous words as tetraploids, 
triploids, new agar formulas, Alexan- 
deri, 'Westonbirt,' Balkis, 'Silver Orb' 
and Rosanna, 'Pinkie.' 

The die was cast. The trend had 
been set by hobbyists and commercial 
growers alike ... a spike of 10 to 
20 flowers 4l/ 2 " to 5" in size, of clear 
coloring in the white through pastel 
shades. The spike should not be 
crowded; the blooms must not be too 
cupped and must be very round of 
form. Thousands of seedlings were 
bloomed and with the increased scien- 
tific knowledge of the use of chromo- 
some counts and improved culture 
methods, a record number of awards 
were given to Cymbidiums of previ- 
ously unheard of dimensions and 

Then, as in all trends, a change be- 
gan to take place. Commercial grow- 
ers enthused by their recent awards 
began producing seedlings by the 
hundreds of thousands, while hobbyist 
growers, having purchased the finest 
stud stock available, also entered into 
the seedling boom. 

Demand for New Colors 

Bronze, green, and dark colored 
Cymbidiums lost their favor among the 
commercial cut-flower growers and 
disappeared. A sudden influx of pinks 
and yellows came into being. This 
over-supply pointed up the now des- 
perate need for greens, whites and 
even created a demand for a limited 

quantity of dark colors to spice up the 
shipping boxes of cut flowers. 

Quality and quantity in pastel shades 
were then a reality, but the Cymbidium 
hobbyist was not completely satisfied. 
In a search to fill the need for some- 
thing unusual in Cymbidiums, the min- 
iature flowered hybrids were brought 
into being and immediately captured 
the hobbyists fancy. To most of the 
"dyed-in-the-wool" commercial cut- 
flower growers, this new introduction 
was unacceptable to the cut-flower in- 
dustry, but they quietly purchased 
small blocks of seedlings, just in case! 

The need soon became apparent 
that better color and form were needed 
in the miniature field and the word 
"polymin," for polyploid miniatures, 
was coined. At the time of this writ- 
ing great strides are being made in the 
polymin field in new colors of better 

Some Neiv Breeding Trends 

To venture out on the well-known 
limb, I would like to predict what I 
feel might well be a few of the new 
trends in Cymbidium breeding. Cer- 
tainly new colors of brilliant hue are 
in the making in standard type Cym- 
bidiums. The intense green and red 
tones, as well as the chocolate and 
copper-colored blooms may well be- 
come a reality in the not too distant- 
future through the use of well-chosen 
diploid parents. These diploid parents 
to come about through a careful breed- 
ing program of the very few fine di- 
ploids still with us. 

Early blooming hybrids of clear 
coloring, good lasting qualities, and 
at least fair form are on the way to 
becoming a reality through the use of 
selected hybrids bred from such parents 
as Early Bird, 'Pacific,' Atlantes, 'Early- 
Bird,' Sicily, Rincon, 'Clarisse' and 
Lady Lucy, 'Clarisse.' I would also 
say that the dwarf growing, miniature 
flowering species will become popu- 
lar as collectors' items. Their unusual 
forms, scented blooms, and dwarf 
foliage lend themselves to this pur- 
suit. Has the thought entered your 
mind that out-of-season and scented 
blooms for standard size Cymbidiums 
may be reached through the use of 
several of the dwarf species? 

I sincerely hope that some enterpris- 
ing breeder may turn out a series of 



seedlings that are remakes of some 
of the old favorites that bloom so 
freely in small containers. Instead of 
selling the unwanted "dirty" colors 
and "hard to bloom" plants to the 
large chain stores, a new trend might 
possibly be started by selling plants 
in attractive plastic containers in full 
bloom at reasonable prices. Blocks of 
such hybrids could be grown specific- 
ally with this merchandising method 
in mind. 

Those of you who have watched 
the orchid plant picture for 10 to 15 
years undoubtedly remember the Cat- 
tleya when it was known only as lav- 
ender, white, and white with purple 
lip. Trends have changed the picture 
considerably. When hobbyists think 
of Cattleyas today, there is a wide 
range from which to choose. To the 
aforementioned colors have been added 
a dash of spice in the form of reds, 
yellows, cluster type whites and pur- 
ples, splashed petals, bigeneric novel- 
ties, intriguing dark shades, white with 
pink lips, blues, and a host of other 
tempting selections. 

I am indeed convinced that Cym- 
bidiums too are on the brink of a re- 
newed interest through several of the 
introductions predicted above. Is Cym- 
bidium breeding coming to a stand- 
still? No, we haven't even scratched 
the surface! The challenge and the 
enjoyment of its results still lie ahead. 


CALL 234-5344 

121 W. Juniper-Just off First Ave. Bus 

Convenient Parking 

Visit a Garden Club this month! 


r lower Shop 


Flowers for all Occasions 
3334 Fifth Ave. 233-7101 


We specialize in Orchid Plants for the hobbyist growers. 

Blooming Size Plants — $3.95 and up 

Orchid Supplies. 
Visitors Welcome 

Daily I to 5 
2500 Fire Mountain Dr., Oceanside 

Phone 757-1800 


Of possible interest to orchid spe- 
cialists is the catalog which comes to 
us from the Botanical Museum of 
Harvard University, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, entitled: "A Quarter Cen- 
tury of Publications of the Botanical 
Museum of Harvard University, 1940- 
1965." Here are listed articles and 
books published by members of the 
Research Staff and students of this 
Museum, covering not only taxonomic 
studies carried on in the Orchid Her- 
barium, but results of explorations in 
many parts of the world. 

Now here is a book review, quoted 
from Jack T. Pickett, in California 

It's not often we get S25 books 
in the office for review. Prof. Howard 
L. McKenzie has compiled a tremend- 
ous text entitled Mealybugs of Cali- 
fornia. The subtitle is "With Tax- 
onomy, Biology and Control of North 
American Species." Don't try reading 
it in bed, you will get a dent in your 
stomach. University of California 
Press, Berkeley. 

Surely this is the book which tells 
all about mealybugs. 


MELLIAS. The editors of Sunset have 
revised the Sunset book "How to 
Grow Camellias" first published in 
1957. The 1968 edition updates the 
recommended varieties of Camellias 
with many of the newer varieties in- 
cluded. Basically, it is a reprinting 
of the 1957 edition, rearranged some- 
what, with the addition of the newer 
varieties. There are 100 more varie- 
ties listed than the 1957 edition. There 
is also a section on making corsages 
that wasn't included in the earlier edi- 

For the amateur Camellia grower, 
it is a very well written and illustrated 
book that should enable anyone to 
grow Camellias successfully. For the 
Camellia enthusiast it is a good refer- 
ence book on the best of the newer 
and older varieties. The increase in 
price of 20 cents is not out of line 
with today's increased costs. 

Ray Greer 



Carlson Travel Service, inc. 



APRIL - MAY, 1968 





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CACTUS . . . 

Blossfeldia Liliputana 

by Gilbert A. Voss 

Blossfeldia liliputana was first 
discovered in arid northern Ar- 
gentina by Harry Blossfeld and 
O. Marsoner in 1936. Only a plant 
or two was collected and it quickly be- 
came a plant for much speculation. 

Dr. Eric von Werdermann, who was 
given the plant to name, thought that 
it represented an "aberrant type" and 
might not be collected again. Bloss- 
feldia was not relocated until a few 
years ago when it was found growing 
from Jujuy to Catamarca in northern 
Argentina and several localities in Bo- 
livia. Material collected from these 
areas has been described by certain 
German authors as new species, bring- 
ing a total of seven species to the genus. 

These six new species, however, 
probably represent only regional varia- 
tions of B. liliputana. In the wild, 
the plant lives in the crevices of rocks, 
where it sometimes branches to make 
colonies of 200 heads or more. The 
individual heads are 1/g to % of an 
inch in diameter! They are small, 
almost flat, depressed disks, gray-green 
in color, the tiny areoles in a spiral 
pattern, each filled with gray wool, 
but without spines. Each head will 
divide by any of several methods to 


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form small groups. 

The pale yellow flowers are tiny, 
about one-quarter inch across, with 
few petals. The seed pod quickly de- 
velops and ripens within a month or 
so. The flowers, which open only in 
bright sunlight, need not be fully open 
to be pollinated. They are self -fertile, 
a condition called "cleistogamous," 
and found in several other cacti in- 
cluding the closely related genus 
Frailea. The roots are on the tuber- 
ous side, but usually flattened because 
of the cracks in the rocks where the 
plant grows. 

Culture is somewhat difficult for col- 
lected plants which are far from com- 
mon. They require very little water 
at the roots and should be sprayed 
lightly over their surface for several 
days in succession, then leaving them 
dry for two or three weeks. Given 
too much water, they rot; too little, 
and they dry up to nothing. Recently 
plants grafted on various stocks have 
become available through some nur- 
series and these grow and flower with 
very little trouble, requiring water 
only when dry, and a semi-shaded 
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Easterners agree it's a bit different here! 

California Style 

by Jim Stalsonburg 

Soil! Now there's a deep subject; 
or in the case of Southern Cali- 
fornia, not too deep at all. 

At any rate the study of soils is a 
vast and complex preoccupation, the 
results of which are tantamount to 
one's success as a gardener. Most of 
our knowledge of soils has come to 
pass in the last 15 to 20 years and is 
highly technical in scope, but we'll en- 
deavor to keep our dissertation basic 
and unfancy; just scratch the surface, 
so to speak. 

Three Basic Types 

There are three basic types of soil — 
(1) Clay, (2) Sand, (3) Loam. Clay 
is a heavily compacted mass of fine 
mineral particles; rich with the ele- 
ments needed for plant growth, but 
difficult to make into a usable form. 
Sand is a mineral material consisting 
of small grains of disintegrated rock 
or gravel; sometimes fine and powdery, 
as found on seaside beaches (which, 
because of its texture, is not desirable 
for horticultural use) ; or sharp and 
coarse, as found in river bottoms. 
Loam is the happy marriage of the 
two, and is the material we fervently 
seek, called "Top Soil." 

Keep in mind, as we dig" a little 
further into understanding what soils 
are, that your particular soil may be 
any one or a combination of these 
basic classifications with variations 
from the front yard to the back. Dirt 
you'll find in a vacuum cleaner, but 
soils are a more or less friable material 
(a workable medium ranging from 
sand to hardpan) in which plants by 
means of their root systems anchor 
themselves, find nourishment, and 

In order for any plant to do its best, 

the soil must have the proper tilth or 
desired ti liability . The great majority 
of plant life share the same spectrum 
of soil conditions for suitable growth 
habits regardless of their native habi- 
tat, and vary only in their degree of 
tolerance toward conditions existing 
in their use as cultivated ornamentals. 

Controlling Soil Balance 

Soil is comprised of five factors. 
The ideal soil is the medium with the 
correct balance or percentage of these 
factors, which you as nature's chief 
assistant have the opportunity and duty 
to control. (1) Mineral — the bulk 
factor of decomposing rock and min- 
eral substance, which is constantly 
changing in texture due to variations 
in temperature, water, wind, oxidation, 
chemical reactions, and pressures from 
growing matter. It contains elements 
vital for plant growth, but principally 
serves as an anchor base for the plant. 
(2) Organic — the balance factor of 
decomposed or decomposing animal or 
vegetable matter, which furnishes the 
areas of manufacturing and storage of 
plant nourishment. (3) Microorgan- 
isms — the action factor of living bac- 
teria, fungi, and algae organisms break- 
ing down organic matter and releasing 
nutrients in a usable form to plant 
life. (4) Soil Atmosphere — the re- 
action factor of free water, vapors, and 
gases of water, air, and organic debris 
that have formed a film on soil par- 
ticles or absorbed compounds in porous 
mineral and organic particles to be as- 
similated by the plant. (5) Moisture 
— the supply factor of water which is 
held by the soil in partnership with the 
atmosphere content for chemical ex- 
changes and serves as the solvent for 
transmitting nutrients into the plant. 

A sometimes-referred-to sixth or re- 
sult factor is the Nutrient content; it 
is an expression of inherent energy 
with the capacity to stimulate plant 
growth. However, without a proper 
balance in the first five there would be 
no result. 

The Ideal Structure 

The ideal structure should contain 
approximately 40% mineral material, 
10% organic matter, 25% moisture, 
25% air, and like "The Man Who 
Came To Dinner," if you will take 
care of the aforementioned, the micro- 
organisms will take care of themselves. 
In considering the structure of your 
soil, it will be of interest to know that 
the average amount of organic matter 
native to Southwestern soils is 2% and 
trails off to a low of 1 /2/ r m desert 
areas. Compare this to an average of 
7* < in the Midwest, and even higher 
amounts in regions of greater rain- 
fall, such as the Pacific Northwest. 

Are you beginning to get the idea 
where this all leads? In the strictest 
sense this writer is not an "Organic 
Gardener," but we do recognize or- 
ganic matter as our knight in shining 
armor, especially in Southern Cali- 

San Diego Soils 

In particular, San Diego County 
soils are classed as Marine Terrace 
in structure, which means they are a 
conglomerate of clay and rock molded 
together in a cement-like condition. 
Realizing then, that we have the poor- 
est of beginnings, we must roll up our 
sleeves and start the task of construc- 
ting good out of bad — or of building 
containers, filling them with good soil, 
and forgetting the mess underneath. 
Let us limit ourselves to the rebuild- 

APRIL - MAY, 1968 


ing job here and take up containers, 
artificial soils, and the like in depth 
at a later time. 

First and one of the most im- 
portant things to remember is that 
water will not move from one soil 
structure to a completely different 
structure until the first has reached 
the saturation point. This might best 
be illustrated in a conventional tree 
planting, where one would dig a hole, 
plant a tree, and fill the hole with an 
expensive top soil mix foreign to 
the native earth. In subsequent irriga- 
tions of the planting a super abund- 
ance of water would probably remain 
in the hole, thereby eliminating the 
essential ingredient of air from the 
root zone of the plant. So, instead of 
creating a healthy environment for the 
tree to grow and prosper, we've created 
a bathtub for it to drown in. 

Those Rocks 

Use the materials at hand, even if 
your soil contains ten rocks to the 
shovel full. Just remove six or seven 
of them and amend it with organic 
matter. Any kind of organic — peat 
moss, tree bark, manure, sawdust, or 
your old army boots, as long as it has 
been thoroughly decomposed or com- 
posted. If it is not thoroughly com- 
posted, it will drain off nitrogen from 
the soil to complete this transmutation 
— valuable nitrogen desperately needed 
by the plant in the growth processes. 

Whether your soil is sandy or clay, 
organic matter is the prime addi- 
tive. It becomes a source of nutrients 
necessary to plant functions — nitrogen 
for stem and leaf growth, phosphorus 
for flower and seed formation, potas- 
sium for the catalyst to make the com- 
ponents work, and many other trace 
elements; it works as a humus to hold 
these nutrients; it increases the water 
holding capacity, as well as breaks 
down compaction and aerates the soil; 
it becomes a source of energy for the 
microorganisms; it releases carbon di- 
oxide used by the plant to manufacture 
food; and it improves the soil struc- 
ture in general, making it easier for 
the plant to establish roots to anchor 
and feed. Without sufficient quantities 
your soil is lifeless. 

Organic Amendments 

Fresh organic material should be 
continually added or worked into the 
soil, and depending on the type used, 
they will last from one to ten years. 
Let your pocketbook determine the 
best in each instance. We suggest an 
initial volume of 10 to 20% be added 
to most of our Southern California 

soils, regardless of what you are cul- 
tivating; trees, lawn, cacti, or snaps. 
In cases of more permanent plantings, 
such as trees or lawns, a long-lasting 
composted wood product would be 
optimum for it may be the only oc- 
casion you have to get the amendments 
deep into the soil. 

The "piece de resistance'' to these 
endeavors is to create a transition zone 
between the amended soil and the 
native. This will rule out the possi- 
bility of perching the water level in 
areas detrimental to the plant's well- 
being. As in the preparation of a 
lawn, before you add the customary 
four inches of prepared top soil onto 
the natural soil, work into the top 
few inches a portion of the amended 
mix; this will promote a more gradual 
structure change and will allow the 
water to pass more freely. 

To maintain good soil, fertilize ade- 
quately, water thoroughly, but not too 
frequently. All this ground work may 
not make you an instant "Luther Bur- 
bank," but it will make the task much 
simpler when you take the time and do 
the necessary steps in the beginning. 

Isn't it so true with life, that the 
things we do initially are reflected in 
the results and the ease of the journey 
along the way? H 

What Is A Torrey? 

Certain pairs of words we hear 
together so often that we come 
to think of them as one, for 
example; super man, and apple sauce. 
Another such set is Torrey Pines. Even 
those among us who interpret the 
phrase as golf course, or glider meet, 
or the site of Salk Institute, still see 
in the background the famous trees. 
But why Torrey? Who was Torrey, 
or what was Torrey? 

When Dr. C. C. Parry, surgeon 
and botanist with the Mexican Bound- 
ary Survey Commission in 1849-50 
established this Pine as a species new 
to science and decided to name it in 
honor of his friend and former teach- 
er, Dr. John Torrey, he was using a 
name more widely known at that time 
than at present. 

John Torrey, (b. New York, 1796) 
was one of those giants of science 
who appear only occasionally: 
physician, teacher, writer, explorer, 
chemist, geologist, assayer, botanist. 
He was graduated from the New 

York College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in 1818, and engaged in the 
practice of medicine with moderate 
success, turning the while his abundant 
leisure to scientific pursuits, especially 
to botany. 

In 1817, while yet a medical stu- 
dent, he reported to the Lyceum of 
Natural History — of which he was 
one of the founders — his "Catalogue 
of the Plants Growing Spontaneously 
Within Thirty Miles of the City of 
New York." At the age of twenty- 
eight he gave up medicine to devote 
all his time to science, becoming pro- 
fessor of chemistry, mineralogy and 
geology at West Point. After three 
years in that position he became pro- 
fessor of chemistry and botany at the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
meantime moonlighting at Princeton. 
From 1853 until his death in 1873 he 
was Chief Assayer in the U.S. Assay 

Dr. Torrey was a trustee of Colum- 
bia University, one of the original 
members appointed by Congress to the 
National Academy of Sciences, co- 
author with Dr. Asa Gray of a Flora 
of North America, author (here come 
our trees) of memoirs and reports on 
the botanical specimens brought back 
by various Western explorers during 
the middle years of the last century. 
Here in California we should remem- 
ber his name also through Torreya 
californica, California nutmeg, a rare, 
extremely handsome, but seldom grown 
evergreen tree. A very large speci- 
men may be seen on the old Nate 
Harrison grade up Palomar Moun- 

In our Library you may see in Vol. 
V. of "The Garden," published in 
England in 1874, the year after Tor- 
rey's death, a fascinating portrait of 
the eminent botanist, along with a 
sketch of his life. a 

In April 

Don't you hear the flutes of April 
calling clear and calling cool 

From the crests that front the morning, 
from the hidden valley pool, 

Runes of rapture half forgotten, 
tunes wherein old passions rule? 

-The Flutes of April, 
by Clinton Scot lard 



Mr. and Mrs. James Kirk are happy with the first 
rose of the season. Mr. Kirk is Director of the Pacific 
Southwest District of the American Rose Society, past 
president of the San Diego Rose Society, and a con- 
sulting rosarian. Both the Kirks are qualified judges. 

Photo by Betty Mackintosh 

Rosarians at Work 

by Mary Jane and J. Wells Hershey 

San Diego Rose Society mem- 
bers are right in the middle of 
that period of time known as "final 
preparation for the Spring Rose Show," 
and all are keeping in mind the five 
basic qualifications rose judges must 
consider when judging exhibition 
blooms. The American Rose Society 
has identified these qualities and has 
placed a point value on each quality 
as follows: Form — 25 points; Color — 
25 points; Substance — 20 points; Stem 
and Foliage — 20 points; and Size — 
10 points. 

Jim and Grace Kirk are two rosa- 
rians who have proven their knowl- 
edge of these qualifications time and 
time again, as shown by the trophies 
they have won, and by the time they 
have given to rose societies in the dis- 
semination of the knowledge of the 
rose and rose growing. Recently elect- 
ed Director of the Pacific Southwest 
District of the American Rose Society, 
James A. Kirk, and his wife, Grace 
Kirk, live on Expola Road in Poway, 
in a house on a knoll surrounded by 

There you will find roses growing 
in beds, containers, on fences, over 
trellis and arbor. Both are members 
of the San Diego Rose Society, and 
the North County Rose Society, are 
Accredited Judges of the American 
Rose Society, and Jim is past president 
of the San Diego Rose Society and 
the founding president of the North 
County Rose Society. At Jim's instal- 
lation as Director he was awarded 
the ARS, Pacific Southwest District 
Silver Honor Medal. Known by his 

smile and Scottish wit and backed by 
his staunch supporter and gracious 
wife, he is at present in the midst of 
district's plans for hosting the Na- 
tional ARS Convention in June, 1968 
at Disneyland. 

At their home in Poway, the Kirk's 
rose garden consists of four hundred 
and fifty rose bushes growing in the 
ground, plus 100 bushes growing in 
five gallon cans. An advocate of con- 
tainer grown rose plants, he has found 
that he can control the growth and 
production of the plant, recording the 
amount of food and water required by 
each variety. Some cultivars need more 
food than others. During his basic 
research of this method of rose grow- 
ing, Jim found that most plants 
flourish on one tablespoon of fertilizer 
each week; that the best planter mix 
was equal parts of shavings and sand 
(or the University of California 
planter mix formula) ; that the con- 
tainer plants must be watered daily 
and that if the containers were set in 
a bed of wood shavings, the sides of 
the metal can would remain cool, and 
thereby would not burn the roots of 
the bush during the warm summer 

Another advantage of container 

Mrs. Harry Cutler, right, chairman 
of the 1968 Rose Shoiv to be held 
April 73 and 14, is being shown the 
buds in Mrs. Paul Gaughen s garden. 
Mrs. Gaughen hopes these will do 
as well for her this year as last, when 
she won the Queen of the Show 

grown rose bushes is growth control. 
If the rose is growing slowly, the 
container can be moved to the sun- 
light; and if the rose is growing too 
fast, the container can be moved to 
partial shade. If some method of 
growth control had not been achieved, 
San Diegans would have missed the 
pleasure of viewing the Kirk's rose 
garden displays at the San Diego 
County Fair, Del Mar, California, each 
year. During the discussion of grow- 
ing roses in containers, Jim cautions 
that there is one item that must be re- 
membered, you must allow time for 
watering the roses each day. That it 
takes at least forty-five minutes to 
water 100 plants. At least that is how 
long it takes Grace to water them! ■ 

Photo by Betty Mackintosh 

APRIL - MAY, 1968 


Austrian Copper . . . most brilliantly colored of all roses 

and the parent of modern yellow roses. This old rose 

dates back to 1 590. According to Dorothy Stemler of 

Tillotson's Roses in Watsonville, this rose is "the 

fanfare announcing the opening of the rose season." 

About a Rose . . . 

What other flower has been so as- 
sociated with love over the centuries? 
And though our modern, long-budded, 
elegant beauties dramatize today's 
garden, where is there anything quite 
so appealing as a mass of old roses 
flinging their glorious color or misty 
pastels over an old garden wall? The 
simple loveliness of the rose is its own 
poetry, its own music, to strike a quick 
response in the beholder . . . the 
romance of the rose still reigns su- 
preme and the summer is filled with 
the fragrance of roses. For centuries, 
children and lovers, all who look upon 
them have come from that vision of 
loveliness forever enriched by the sight. 

A beautiful pink Hybrid Tea rose, A lovely example of a grandiflora, 

Henry Ford. El Capitan. 

. . . don't 


shows ! 

California Garden will feature a new rose in the June 
Issue ... as well as articles about roses in general. Be 
sure to watch for it! 




The forty-first Annual Spring 
Rose Show of the San Diego 
Rose Society, Inc. will be held in 
the Conference Building, Balboa Park, 
on Saturday and Sunday, April 13 and 
14, 1968, the Easter weekend. This 
show promises to be one of the most 
beautiful ever presented here, and is 
the largest all rose show held any- 
where in the United States. Why? 
Because San Diego's best rose month 
is April, and our rose gardens are 
usually at their best, in fact very best, 
about the 15th of April. Since Easter 
falls on the 14th of April, it was the 
obvious weekend for our rose show, 
the theme to be ''Four Seasons of 

Anyone may exhibit roses in com- 
petition in this show. Entries will be 
received from 7:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m., 
Saturday, April 13, 1968, to be fol- 
lowed by the judging of the roses at 
11:00 a.m. The show will be offi- 
cially opened to the public on Satur- 
day afternoon at 2:00 p.m. On Sun- 
day, April 14th, 1968, the show will 
be open from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. 
For additional information, and/or 
copy of the schedule may be obtained 
from the Schedule Chairman, Mrs. 
John W. Trott, telephone 222-7695. 

In order to encourage new exhibi- 
tors, a special section was added to 
our show for novices with the follow- 
ing definition: 

"A novice is one who has won 
no more than three blue ribbons 
in a standard show." 

In this year's schedule it is Section 
"P" and has eight classes, and a trophy 
will be awarded to the best entry in 
this section. In other words, it is a 
little rose show within a rose show! 
Of course, you must grow your own 
roses in all sections of Division I — 
Horticulture Classes for Amateurs. 

Mrs. Harry B. Cutler is this year's 
General Rose Show Chairman, and 
will be assisted by: 

Assistant Chairman, Section One — 
Mr. Harry B. Cutler. 

Assistant Chairman, Section Two — 
Mrs. James R. Buman. 

Mrs. Cutler advises that ribbons 
will be awarded in all classes, with 
forty trophy classes, of which all but 
eight will be in open competition. 
These eight are open to members of 
the San Diego Rose Society only, but 
anyone may qualify for these eight also 
by joining the society. Membership 
is open to any interested person. E9 

Filled with a myriad of beautifully -formed 

peach-tinged-with-pink blossoms, Circus, 

a floribunda, delights the eye. 


Rose Specialists rfiSfe 

Bushes - Climbers - and Tree Roses 

in cans, available all year 

Spray Materials and Fertilizers 

8606 Graves Ave., Santee 
corner Graves & Prospect 

Open 8 A.M. to 5 :30 P.M. 

Off Highway 67 
Phone: 448-6972 

Closed Wednesdays 



needs your donations and bequests for a 



San Diego 

Savings D3IIK 

Your No Service-Charge Checking Account Bank 

APRIL -MAY, 1968 


"Sweetheart Supreme," from the 
San Marcos Nursery of Rosalind Sarver. 


he fragile pastels and some- 
times brilliant deep pinks and reds, 
even deep violet tones, of the azalea 
flowers are almost indescribably beau- 

Azaleas do not relate back to the 
beginning of flowering plants; they 
are members of the Heath family as 
are rhododendrons. They are a prob- 
able offshoot of the Magnolia family 
and actually are fairly recent. They 
range in size from shrubs to trees — 
some, the handsomest known to 

The word "azalea" comes from the 
Greek word meaning "dry," because 
at the time of their discovery, it was 
falsely believed that they required a 

dry growing site. All azaleas require 
a great deal of moisture, evenly sup- 
plied, especially when new shoots are 
forming. They will grow in sun, al- 
though filtered light or overhead 
shade prevents the colors from be- 
coming sunburned. 

All azaleas respond to pruning, if 
it is necessary to check irregular 
growth. The pruning should be done 
after the blooming period, as this in- 
sures formation of new shoots with 
flower buds. Feeding should be given 
after the blooming time to insure and 
induce new growth. A combination of 
5-10-5 plus cottonseed meal serves 
well. They need to be planted in al- 
most pure peat, and great care taken 

. . . lovely 




of Spring 

'Pride of Mobile" 

not to cultivate the ground with sharp 
hoes or rakes as azaleas have shallow 
root systems close to the surface of the 

For expert advice on growing as 
well as selecting your azaleas, come to 
the April 16th Floral Association pro- 
gram to hear Mrs. Rosalind Sarver of 
San Marcos, whose outstanding azaleas 
speak for her ability and knowledge, 
as well as for the love with which she 
tends her "children." a 


Coronado' s 

Annual Flower Show, 

April 21-22 


Dorothy P. Whiteside 

Photo by T 

o Dy I ommy 


THE origin of a successful idea is 
always interesting. To observe 
the result of one man's idea, 
which has grown through the years 
into an honored community tradition 
and a focal point for community en- 
deavor, is a heart-warming experience. 
The Coronado Flower Show, which 
dates back to 1922, is a case in point. 
The show has been hailed as among 
the best in California, and certainly 
it is unique in its outdoor setting and 
comprehensive scope. It has been pro- 
duced annually, except during the years 
of World War II, for 42 years. Today 
the show, with its accompanying gar- 
den competition, marks a highlight in 
the civic life of Coronado's over 25,- 
000 inhabitants. 

Back in the early '20s, when Harold 
Taylor first decided to promote a com- 
munity flower show, Coronado was a 

quiet village of about 3,300 residents. 
Those who know only the beautiful 
city of today would find it difficult to 
recognize the small community of 
those days — though then as now the 
impressive Hotel del Coronado domi- 
nated its landscape, and then as now 
Orange Avenue extended in a wide 
sweep from the ferry landing to the 

The famous Coronado Tent City, a 
resort with several hundred tents and 
cottages for summer visitors, built on 
both sides of the highway from the 
Hotel del Coronado to the present 
location of the Amphibious Base, was 
in its hey-day, and a trolley line ran 
down the center of Orange Avenue to 
provide transportation for its thou- 
sands of guests. Another trolley line 
ran down Fifth Street to the Coronado 
Country Club, with its golf course and 
polo grounds, which occupied the en- 
tire tract of land west of Alameda 
Blvd. from the bay to the ocean, later 
to be the site of national horse shows 
and international polo matches. There 
were dozens of vacant lots, the entire 
Glorietta Bay section was undeveloped 
save for an early golf course; in fact, 
as late as 1936 it was possible to ride 
horseback completely around the island 


the 1968 Coronado Flower Show, 
will open Saturday, April 20th, at 
2 p.m. and will remain open until 
7 p.m. On Sunday, April 21st, 
the hours are 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 
with presentation of trophies at 
3:45 p.m. Cut flowers will be 
auctioned at 4 p.m. 

on established bridle paths. 

When Mr. Taylor conceived his 
idea, his primary purpose was to pro- 
mote the beautification of the town. 
He felt that a flower show and garden 
competition, with entries open to all, 
dependent for its success upon the 
cooperative effort of all residents, 
would foster civic pride. With the 
help of Mrs. Armand Jessup (later 
Mrs. Arthur Benedict) he set to work. 

That first show, displayed on a rela- 
tively small table under the palms of 
Orange Avenue, was an unqualified 
success. Coronado was growing, there 
were new people in town who were 
eager to establish effective gardens, 
and enthusiasm for the project was 
immediate. Within a year the Coro- 
nado Floral Association was born, an 
organization founded for the sole pur- 
pose of fostering future Coronado 
flower shows, and serving today as the 
executive branch responsible for their 
production. From that first small 
table has grown an annual show of 
major proportion, operated in accord- 
ance with nationally-accepted stand- 
ards and judged by a team of ac- 
credited experts in their respective 

Nevertheless, the Coronado Flower 
Show has retained its individual qual- 
ity as a community tradition, a coop- 
erative enterprise sustained almost en- 
tirely by the hard work of volunteer 
committees drawn from the many citi- 
zens of the town devoted to maintain- 
ing its standards of excellence. Its 
advent is now heralded, each spring, 
by the erection of large canvas tents 
on West Plaza. (These tents were 
originally donated by the Sharp family, 

APRIL -MAY, 1968 


prominent Coronado residents, years 
ago; they are vital to the show and 
are most carefully tended.) But long 
before the tents appear, the town has 
prepared for the coming event. For, 
in addition to the show itself there 
is the judging of individual gardens. 

Residents may enter their patios 
and/or gardens in any one of several 
different categories, depending on size 
and type. Gardens are judged in ad- 
vance of the show, and those which 
receive awards are open to inspection 
by the public during the same hours 
as is the flower show. Programs are 
available at the show, listing names, 
addresses and classifications of garden 

The horticultural section of the 
show includes 60 classes for roses, 41 
for cut flowers, 23 for growing plants, 
12 for orchids, three for bonsai, 28 
for cacti and succulents, and a special 
class for wild flowers. 

Arrangement sections offer six classes 
in senior flower arrangements, six for 
picture boxes, five for table arrange- 
ments, four for miniatures, six for 
junior flower arrangements (for Jr. 
and Sr. High School students), six for 
arrangements by children from pre- 
school through grade six, two for men, 

and one for military wives' clubs ex- 
hibits. In addition there is a special 
class for group entries, which must be 
made by reservation. 

It is worthy of note that, as is evi- 
dent from the classes listed above, 
this show is not designed for the gar- 
den club enthusiast alone. Participa- 
tion means not only joining in a com- 
munity project, but in many cases in- 
volves a family project as well. There 
are few more eager entrants than the 
small fry, especially those aged about 
six. And father is often not adverse 
to chipping in with his own contribu- 
tion. (As a matter of fact, the men's 
section is one of the most popular of 
the show, due perhaps to a certain ir- 
reverence in its approach to problem 
of design.) At any rate, the show 
has reached such a ripe old age that 
in some cases three generations of one 
family are now actively engaged in 
entries for this year's display. 

In addition to ribbons awarded to 
class winners, there are many per- 
manent silver trophies which further 
illustrate the continuity of family in- 
terest in the Coronado show. For ex- 
ample, in 1955 a handsome silver 
pitcher was presented to the Floral 

Association by a daughter of the wom- 
an who won best in show for her 
polyanthus roses, back in 1922. This 
trophy is now awarded to the best 
entry each year in the picture box 

Worthy of especial note is the Wild 
Flower exhibit. Few of us pause to 
think about the importance of native 
plants to the scenery of our area, or 
to realize that the rapid advance of 
land development poses a threat to 
their survival. Fortunately, the De- 
partment of Agriculture has taken 
steps to safeguard their survival. Also 
fortunately, wild flowers have devoted 
admirers such as Cdr. and Mrs. W. E. 
Clayton of Coronado, who are willing 
to go to the endless trouble necessary 
to produce the excellent display that is 
a highlight of the Coronado show. 
They and their committee of assistants 
deserve a vote of thanks for their dedi- 
cation to a difficult, but rewarding 
task. h 

You can't forget a garden 

When you have planted seed — 

When you have watched the weather 
And know a rose's need. 

— Louise Driscoll 


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PHONE: (714) 465-1331 



Why A Land Design Tour? 

Learn To Look At Your City! 

Time to go ... a good turnout! 
Boarding the bus at the Atlantis 
Restaurant parking lot. 

IF it rains the Tour is automatically 
cancelled — ■ what a thought ! But 
Monday, February 5, 1968, 
dawned a beautiful day and the many 
hours of preparation that had been 
coordinated with Mrs. John C. 
Mathews III, Chairman, Landscape 
Design Critics Council of the Cali- 
fornia Garden Clubs, Inc., were not 
in vain. 

Forty-six members of Las Jardineras 
Garden Club, guests and a few active 
members of the San Diego Junior 
League, met at the Atlantis parking 
lot at 9:00 a.m. After introducing Mr. 
Brian Wyckoff, Mr. Roy H. Siefert and 
Mr. J. J. J. Kennedy, the A.S.L.A. 
Land Design Architects conducting 
the Tour, the bus was boarded and we 
were off. En route from the Atlantis to 
Vacation Village, Mr. Seifert intro- 
duced us to the theme of the Tour. 

Purpose of the Land Design tours is 
to show by visual examples what Land 
Design and Land Planning is; what 
it does, and how and why; its import- 
ance to every individual, every town, 
every city, indeed to the whole na- 
tion. At a time when urbanization 
and population growth have reduced 
the amount of land available for each 
of us, proper development of land is 
becoming even more essential. With 
more imagination and forethought, 
land can be developed as an environ- 
ment for people in addition to meet- 
ing the necessary engineering require- 
ments for drainage and sanitation. 

by Mrs. Don F. Smith 

Vice President, 

Las Jardineras Garden Club 

Good Use of Land 

Vacation Village was shown as an 
example of good land use, including 
buildings, walks and focal points. It 
has an optimum amount of structures 
instead of maximum. The use of pil- 
ings and wood in the structures, the 
use of water, the fact that vehicular 
roads did not predominate, all showed 
the total planning of the area, with 
strong emphasis on people and wind- 
ing pedestrian ways. There were no 
ugly signs or trash cans. 

Some "Examples" 

Bahia next, was considered an ex- 
ample of bad land use, with maximum 
structures placed on the available land. 
This motel just grew. Each segment 
was added with no consideration of 
design, open space, or coloration of 
the preceding units. The verdict: 
"Structure maximized, pedestrian walk- 
ways minimized, saved only by Mis- 
sion Bay Park." This was the first 
such commercial enterprise built when 
the Bay area was opened in 1953. 
Fortunately, since then, there has 
been some revision of requirements 
for structures in the development. 

On to Tourmaline Canyon Park. 
This park was needed to provide park- 
ing and rest room facilities for the 
many surfers. As we dropped down 
the canyon toward the water's edge a 
vast expanse of blacktop greeted us. 
The sides of the canyon had been 
sheared so straight that nothing would 
grow on them. Vertical pipes were 

exposed and a very large, ugly con- 
crete drainage ditch stretched along 
the site. A beautiful natural canyon 
of native plants had been destroyed. 
Obviously, land design and engineer- 
ing problems should be solved at the 
same time — yet there are many archi- 
tects for the San Diego Park System 
but only one land design architect. 

Grand Avenue is one of the few 
main streets going direct to the Pa- 
cific. The center planting had too 
much black top and was repetitious. A 
more sensitive feeling of native plant 
material would have enhanced a view 
straight to the ocean. 

As we approached Kate Sessions 
Park we were told that the city was 
indeed fortunate to acquire enough 
open space for this park. At the right 
of the entrance was a long strip of 
concrete sidewalk leading straight up 
the hillside — a most uninviting be- 
ginning for a walk. At the top of the 
park rest rooms were placed in the 
center, with no landscaping around 
it and several trash cans nearby. There 
was poor siting of roads and walks, 
the turn-around was so small there 
was little place to park or stop to see 
the magnificent view. At one side a 
stark flagpole stood, to the left was a 
trash can and to the right a lone tree. 
The hillside was a swarth of well-kept 
lawn with one picnic table and bench. 
There were no trees, shrubs, ground 
cover or undulating contours to soften 
the graded slope. There were no wind- 
ing paths to stroll along or shaded 
benches to invite you to sit and rest 
awhile. There was little to even sug- 
gest a park. 

As our bus continued on to join 
Route No. 5 North, large concrete 
drainage ditches were again in evi- 
dence with more being planned. There 
was not a stream with sides for na- 
tural plant life or cover for the wild 
life left in the area. 

We left the freeway at the rural 
and natural Sorrento Valley, soon to 
be destroyed by a freeway. We drove 
along a winding country road with old 
and beautiful sycamore trees along the 
canyon and at the entrance to El 
Camino Memorial Park. Here the 
trees would probably die as too much 
dirt had been bulldozed over the roots. 

APRIL - MAY, 1968 


At the Szalay residence. Left to 

right, Mr. Brian Wyckoff, Mr. Roy 

H. Seifert, Mrs. Arthur P. 

Mc Arthur, Mrs. Frank A. Frye Jr., 

Mr. J. J. J. Kennedy and 

Mrs. John C. Carson. 

for no apparent reason. To the left 
of the entrance a beautiful hill had 
been sheared off, creating an erosion 
problem. There seemed to be no 
master plan since the new freeway 
would run just 55 feet from the park- 
ing lot and Administration building, 
destroying all feeling of tranquility. 

We were all happy to return to the 
freeway and proceed to Harbor Drive. 
Few cities have a drive along such a 
magnificent body of water, but the 
new planting of pine trees dividing 
the drive will soon grow tall and 
wide, blocking all view of Harbor Is- 
land and the water. Some of the mis- 
takes in planting on Shelter Island are 
now being corrected for better use of 
roads and planting. 

The Szalay residence on Point Loma 
was a beautiful finale for the Tour. 
The house has been enlarged and the 
garden redesigned. It was indeed a 
pleasure to stroll in the charming, 
peaceful, well designed garden over- 
looking the Bay and ocean. 

Back to our starting point where a 
trip over and back on the tramway af- 
forded a perfect view of the Atlantis. 
Here the wise use of land was most 

The three-and-a-half hours of visual 
education brought forcefully to the 
attention of everyone the lack of wise 
planning for our community — the 
miles of heavy concrete drains that 
eat away the taxpayers money; the 
poor concept and misused bulldozing 
and grading that cause problems of 
erosion; and ugly vistas that show 
only too plainly the lack of coopera- 
tion between engineers, architects and 
land design architects. It brings to 
mind that forceful, terrifying journal 
published several years ago called "Cry, 
California," a warning of what is hap- 
pening to our wealth of natural re- 
sources that should be protected and 
developed to pass on to our children 
and grandchildren. 

This tour was a part of a statewide 
program being developed by Mrs. 
Mathews. Similar tours have been held 
in Sacramento and Long Beach. We 
found it an interesting experience and 
would encourage other clubs to con- 
tact Mrs. Mathews to set up a tour in 
their area and "LEARN TO LOOK 

New Opportunities at Expo 

DEL MAR — Exhibitors in the annu- 
al flower show at this year's Southern 
California Expo will have new oppor- 
tunities in feature landscape garden, 
orchid and bonsai competition. The 
Expo is set for June 26-July 7. 

Flower Show Superintendent Bob 
Lamp has announced these changes 
for the fair's 1968 flower show: 

Two new classes in feature land- 
scape gardens, namely ( 1 ) Shade plant 
garden (a display of colored foliage 
and flowering plants), and (2) In- 
door Garden (interior planting of 
plants adaptable to indoor conditions). 
A new class in orchids, namely, As- 
sorted Potted Plants (from 3 to 5 

A new class in bonsai, namely, Pot- 
ted Plants (from 3 to 5 specimens). 

Changes in judging and scoring of 
feature landscape displays, as follows: 
40 per cent for design, 30 per cent for 
perfection of workmanship, 10 per 
cent for quality, and 10 per cent for 

Lamp explained that the new orchid 
and bonsai classes will give exhibitors 
who have only a few specimens an op- 
portunity to compete. 

He also points out that the em- 
phasis in landscape display judging 
now will be on design and perfection 
rather than "artistic arrangement," but 
less emphasis upon quality, which was 
reduced from 30 to 10 per cent in 

Lamp said cash premiums for flower 
show exhibitors will total a record 
$30,600 this year, slightly more than 
last year. 

Premium lists will be mailed out, 
or available upon request, about mid- 
April, and entries close June 1. 

The 12 -day fair now is called South- 
ern California Expo, having changed 
its name from San Diego County 
Fair. ■ 

Rose and Arrangement Show 

The Annual San Fernando Valley 
Rose and Arrangement Show will be 
held Sunday, May 5 at the new Los 
Angeles City Park, Orcutt Estate — 
23555 Justice St., Canoga Park, Calif. 
The public may see hundreds of prize 
roses from 1 PM to 6 PM. Admission 
is free. 

Those who wish to exhibit in the 
show should bring their roses between 
7 AM and 10 AM the day of the 
show. Reservations for entering an 
arrangement must be made before 
April 30 by contacting Mrs. James 
Rose, — 365-5153; 15633 Horace St., 
Granada Hills, Calif. 91344. 

Ramona Flower Show 

The Santa Maria Valley Garden 
Club of Ramona, is having its Ninth 
Annual Standard Flower Show on 
April 27th, 1968 from 1:30 to 8:00 
p.m. in the Town Hall on Main Street. 

There is no admission charge and 
the public is cordially invited. 

Flower and Garden Show 
Mission Valley Center 

The fourth annual county-wide 
Flower and Garden Show will be held 
at Mission Valley Center May 23-25, 
1968. The show will be coordinated 
by the Men's Garden Club of San 
Diego County. 

Every garden club in the County is 
invited to participate, with this show 
being the largest free flower and gar- 
den showing in Southern California. 
In addition to club exhibits and en- 
tries, commercial displays and land- 
scape features will be included. 

The show is open to all exhibitors, 
with or without club affiliation. All 
entries are eligible for trophies, plaques 
or ribbon awards. The show hours are 
scheduled for 10 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. on 
Thursday and Friday, and from 10 
a.m. to 5:30 p.m. on Saturday. Tro- 
phies and plaques will be on exhibit 
throughout the show, and will be 
awarded during ceremonies to be held 
Saturday afternoon, May 25. 

Interested exhibitors may obtain in- 
formation at the Mission Valley Center 
Administration Office, or may call for 
additional information at 296-6376. ■ 


Advertisers 1 . 



Flower or Total Plant? 

The Landscaping 
Value of 

by Bill Gunther 

San Diego-Imperial Counties 
Iris Society 

When any particular variety 
of iris is mentioned, any typi- 
cal iris society member has a 
"built in" response or reaction. His re- 
action — almost invariably — is to think 
about the blossom of that iris. And 
his paramount consideration is the 
color of the blossom. 

His thought processes have been 
"conditioned." He exaggerates the 
importance of the flower and he thus 
minimizes the importance of the foli- 
age and of the landscaping value of 
the plant as a whole. 

The fault for this distortion of per- 
spective rests with the American Iris 
Society itself. This is because the so- 
ciety has a congenital affliction, seem- 
ingly incurable, which can be called 
"exhibitionitis." The chronic symptom 
of this affliction is that the society — 
and its members — evaluate every iris 
for the exhibition value of its flower 
rather than for the landscape value of 
the plant. 

Every year the American Iris Society 
and its components award thousands 
of cups, trophies, certificates, and rib- 
bons of assorted colors to various irises. 
About 99% of these awards (most of 
them are ribbons) are awarded at vari- 
ous iris shows, and the vast majority 
of ribbons go to "specimen stalks." A 
specimen stalk is a single bloomstalk 
which bears one or more blossoms. 
Since these bloomstalks usually are 
naked of all foliage, it is obvious that 
all the awards which go to specimen 
stalks have no correlation with the 
landscape value of the plant from 

Photo by Paul Runde 

which the stalk was plucked. 

The very small proportion of Amer- 
ican Iris Society awards which are not 
given at iris shows or exhibitions are 
awarded on the basis of guidelines 
which are prescribed by the society in 
its handbook for judges. These guide 
lines give fine lip service to the gar- 
den value of an iris plant — but they 
prescribe "weighting factors" for each 
award which without exception sub- 
ordinate the plant to the flower. 

There is an annual award of the 
American Iris Society for the tall 
bearded iris which has the best white 
flower — but there is not an award to 
the tall bearded iris which has the most 
resistance to the ugly leaf-spot disease. 
There is an annual award for the iris 
of any class which has the best red 
flower — but there is not an award to 
the iris which has foliage which is the 
most evergreen the year around. There 
is an AIS "color classification" system 
by which every iris is classified; every 

last factor considered in that classifi- 
cation system relates to the flower. The 
type of foliage and the qualities of the 
plant seemingly are irrelevant. 

The AIS awards system has stimu- 
lated hybridizers to work exclusively 
toward better flowers. In doing this, 
the hybridizers have neglected to work 
toward better garden plants — because 
there has been no stimulation for them 
to do so. As a result, a situation now 
exists in which hundreds of new hy- 
brid irises introduced each year have 
better flowers than any wild species. 
But the vegetative portion of the new 
introductions — on the average — is less 
attractive than that of the wild species 
from which the hybrids were derived. 
The foregoing paragraphs are very pur- 
poseful. They lead up to — and they 
explain — a statement which is almost 
unbelievable but which probably is 
perfectly true. IF ALL THE IRISES 

APRIL - MAY, 1968 



The three wild irises which would 
be very likely to win this very mythical 
award are Iris douglasiana, Iris ensata, 
and Iris pseudacorus — not necessarily 
in the sequence listed. Information 
about these three species follows: 

Iris douglasiana (pronounced 
"douglas-ee-aye'nuh") is native to 
coastal areas of California and Oregon. 
The Pacific Ocean stabilizes the tem- 
perature and the humidity of this coast 
so that Iris douglasiana, in its native 
habitat, very rarely is exposed to hard 
freezing, to high temperatures, or to 
extreme dryness. Consequently this 
iris never has reason for going dorm- 
ant, and it probably is the most ever- 
green of all irises. 

This species has glossy foliage of a 
dark blue-green color, the growth 
habit of each individual plant is very 
compact, the height of the foliage re- 
mains almost constant (about one 
foot) all year long. The plant is 
"tough," and almost completely re- 
sistant to attacks by insects, bacterial 
rot, fungus, and/or virus. 

Like all plants, Iris douglasiana de- 
sires garden conditions similar to the 
natural conditions which pertain in 
areas where it grows wild. When these 
conditions are provided, it is a beau- 
tiful plant 365 days of the year. And 
when springtime comes, the beautiful 
blossoms are a real extra bonus, rather 
than merely a justification for tolerat- 
ing a plant which — for about half the 
year — is a wretched looking eyesore 
in the garden. 

Iris ensata (pronounced "en-say'- 
tuh") is a native of Asia. There are 
no hybridized introductions which in- 
clude genes from Iris ensata because 
no hybridizer yet has been successful 
in attempts to cross Iris ensata with any 
other species to make a hybrid. 

The foliage of Iris ensata is about 
18" tall, very dark blue-green in color, 
and so slim that it appears almost 
grass-like. It has heavy vertical veins 
and is very tough. This foliage is 
very effective and is very long-lasting 
when used in arrangements. The blos- 
soms of Iris ensata are relatively 
small; they most commonly are a slate- 
blue color, but the form which is 
called "alba" is one of the very few 
beardless irises which has a white blos- 
som without a yellow "signal" on the 

Like Iris douglasiana, the individual 
clumps of Iris ensata are dense and 
compact in habit. But unlike any 

Iris pseudacorus photographed by 

Paul Runde 

The foliage of Iris pseudacorus 
— by Paul Runde 

other iris, the roots of Iris ensata head 
straight down, and deep down, to 
reach deep-under moisture. For that 
reason, its foliage stays healthy and 
green when the weather gets so dry 
and hot that every other iris would 
either die or go dormant. 

Iris pseudacorus (pronounced "soo- 
da'koh-rus") is a native of nearly all 
of Europe and of parts of North 
Africa, Asia Minor, and Siberia. As 
indicated by its wide natural habitat, it 
is a very adaptable plant. In com- 
parison with other irises, this species 
is extremely vigorous, very large, and 
practically disease free. It requires 
more water than most irises; it often is 
advertised as a "water-iris" because it 
will grow very well in a swamp or 
poolside location. 

The foliage of this iris is a rich 
green color; the individual leaves have 

a tough central vein which serves as a 
stiffener; in the summertime the foliage 
will reach to a height of five feet with- 
out flopping. Iris pseudacorus appar- 
ently is immune to leaf spot and to 
virus infection. 

It is so versatile that when growing 
in an area of severe winters it goes 
dormant during the winter; when 
growing in an area of mild winters 
but dry summers it goes dormant dur- 
ing the summer; and when given mild 
and moist conditions the year around 
it remains evergreen the year around. 

The blossoms of Iris pseudacorus do 
not have grand size or heavy substance 
or flaring form — but they do have a 
delicate and fragile type of beauty 
which can be matched by no other iris. 
(The judges of the 1967 iris show in 
Sacramento, California, must have been 
he-men who were particularly sensitive 
to delicate and fragile types; they chose 
Iris pseudacorus as the "Queen of the 

The color of the blossom usually is 
a light yellow self, but a brown signal 
is prominent in some forms. The 
rhizome (root) of this iris attains the 
size and fleshiness of a sweet potato. 
In favorable conditions a clump of 


All Colors 
Shapes & Sizes 
















309JC /Best Road So, Stockton, Calif. 95206 



Iris pseudacorus, if not restrained, will 
expand to the point where it will choke 
out neighboring plants. The best way 
to restrict the clump to the size desired 
is to chop off all rhizomes which grow 
outside the perimeter of this area which 
is assigned for this iris. The rhizomes 
which are chopped off can be given to 
friends for use as starts for their own 

Anyone who has a moist spot in 
his garden for Iris pseudacorus 
may obtain a half dozen seeds of this 
plant by sending a stamped self-ad- 
dressed envelope to the California 
Garden magazine. There is no 

These seeds should be planted about 
a half inch deep and kept moist until 
they sprout; the young plants should 
be kept moist until they mature and 
bloom; and the mature plants should 
be kept moist indefinitely. 39 

Riverside Flower Show 

The Annual Riverside Community 
Flower Show will be held on April 
27-28, 1968, at the Riverside Armory, 
2501 Fairmount Blvd., Riverside, Cali- 
fornia. It will be open to the public 
on Saturday, April 27, 2:00 p.m. to 
9:00 p.m., and Sunday, April 28, 
10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Admission 
is 75 cents. Children under 12 admit- 
ted free with an adult. 

The theme of the show is "La Fiesta 
de Las F I ores." The show is one of 
the events celebrating the Diamond 
Anniversary of the founding of River- 
side County. Special music will mark 
the occasion, and special gardens will 
be open on tour. ■ 


A group of park-oriented people 
recently scouted this least 
known of our large city parks, 
to see "what there is to see." Here is 
our report to you. 

This relatively new park is one that 
can be enjoyed alone or in company, 
on foot or on bicycle. Please don't 
fret that you cannot drive through it 
in your car; it wouldn't be any fun 
that way anyhow. Although there are 
many wildflowers, both annual and 
perennial, there is small chance that 
you would even see them from a car. 
A six-inch lupine in the grass? Silver- 
back ferns hanging from a moss-cov- 
ered vertical bank only two feet high ? 
A red-shafted flicker moving from one 
large oak to another? Golden bracket 
fungus at the base of an ancient de- 
caying stump? The soaring hawk? A 
quiet pool, its surface disturbed only 
by the feet of those small insects who 
mysteriously walk on water ? No, these 
rewards are for the wanderer afoot. 
We suggest that you leave your 
car at the Genesee crossing, on the 
west side, go under the bridge and 
walk eastward. Take your camera, the 
trees are spectacular. We noted hap- 
pily that the Park Department is doing 

its best to disguise the scars left by 
construction of this street across the 
Park by plantings of sycamore, alder, 
evergreen currant, toyon and holly- 
leaf cherry. 

After walking a few hundred feet 
you will find that the traffic sounds 
are left behind, and others have re- 
placed them; the songs of many birds, 
the occasional scurry of a ground 
squirrel across the fallen sycamore 
leaves. Here is a place you can even 
scuff leaves yourself, in case you are 
nostalgic for scuffing. The walking 
is easy, along a gently curving, level, 
unpaved road, in and out of shadows 
cast by enormous and ancient live oaks 
and California sycamores. 

By the time you read this the spring 
wildflowers will be in bloom along the 
steep north-facing canyon wall, and 
in the grassy areas beside the stream. 
We saw buds and the first few blos- 
soms on lupines, monkeyflowers, black 
sage, blue nightshade, milkmaids, 
nemophila, wild hollyhock, meadow 
rue, and others. There is wild mus- 
tard, and filaree, but only a minimum 
of the coarser weeds which disfigure 
areas where the native cover has been 






The World of Roses 


The Lovely Iris 



APRIL - MAY, 1968 


Closeup of new leaves and the dark 
red blossom of the California Syca- 
more — Platanus racemosa. 

Photo by Betty Mackintosh 

cultivated or pastured out of existence. 
No tumbleweeds, but it is only fair to 
say that poison oak abounds. How- 
ever, this is easily seen and avoided; 
none overhangs the roadway, and in 
due time there will be other pathways 
cleared of it. There are anthills and 
squirrel holes to be investigated; 
gopher workings and, along the creek, 
clear pools with all their enchanting 
small inhabitants. 

We were saddened to think that a 
four-lane highway (ultimately eight?) 
will someday parallel this small stream 
and narrow valley. Its quality of re- 
moteness and its reminder of earlier 
less harried days will be forever lost 
when that occurs. It is to be hoped 
that some alternate route may yet be 
found for heavy traffic. Perhaps you 
had better make your visit this spring, 
before the dust of construction and 
the smoke of diesels dull the sycamore 
leaves, while you still may hear the 
sound of singing birds. ■ 


DAVIS — Weeds are losing their 
minds here. 

University of California researchers 
are getting weeds to grow when they 
don't want to: for instance, in the 
winter when the frost will kill them 
and save man the trouble. 

Growth hormones to halt the dor- 
mancy cycle and stimulate out-of-sea- 
son sprouting of seeds are being 
studied by agricultural botanists at the 
UC-Davis campus. Dr. David Bayer 
reports the method shows considerable 
promise as a future means of con- 
trolling weeds either in the home 
flower garden or over vast agricultural 

Weeds, like many plants, have seeds 
geared not only to seasonal cycles but 
in some cases to dormancy periods 
that may last several years — to insure 
their species' reproduction. "This is 
why," Bayer explains, "just when you 
think you've gotten all the weeds 
pulled out of your garden new ones 
keep popping up." 

A breakthrough in combatting this 
problem has been achieved at Davis 
in one weed species, nutgrass or nut 
sedge, which actually grows more pro- 
fusely when people pull up the plants. 
Unfortunately, nutgrass is spreading in 
California. It is a stubborn pest in 
the home garden and clogs some types 
of agricultural harvesting machines. 

The nutgrass mother plant, Bayer 
explains, produces from four to ten 
pea-size nutlets on the tips of main 
roots. These "seeds" will not sprout 
until disconnected from the mother 
plant. Therefore, destroying the plant 
with chemicals, by pulling, or by cul- 
tivation only causes more plants to 
Continued on Page 34 


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Calendar of Care 



Spring fever time is here again. 
To be sure, it's that time of year 
when plants put on a new surge 
of growth and try to give the impres- 
sion that they are going to live up to 
the glowing promises passed out by 
those super-optimists who dream up 
sales catalogues. It is also the time of 
year when bugs and pests take a new 
lease on life; when weeds decide that 
now is the time, if ever; when the lit- 
tle fungus spores wake up to the fact 
that the days are getting longer and 
warmer. Everything in the garden de- 
mands attention at once, and in the 
midst of all this activity, man alone 
is afflicted with spring fever. Some- 
how it seems to me that the world is 
being managed poorly. Why couldn't 
it be the other way around? 

Sitting and thinking about the 
myriad things that have to be done 
is not going to accomplish much, 
though, and we had better get moving. 

The insects and other garden pests 
are moving in full force now, and this 
takes first priority. Aphids, mealy bug 
and red spider all multiply at phe- 
nomenal rates, and, if left alone, can 
virtually wipe out new growths and 
bloom spikes. 

A light preventive spraying about 
three times a year is an excellent idea, 
whether or not these pests are in evi- 
dence, but even with this you are al- 
most certain to find a few of them 
around with the advent of warm 

About Malathion 

Malathion (without oil) gives good 
control, but has the one disadvantage 
that it is strictly a contact spray and 
has little or no residual properties. If 
Malathion is used, it is of utmost im- 
portance that the coverage be thorough, 
getting the undersides of the leaves 
and the surface of the planting com- 
post. Even with this care, you may 
be certain that some portion of the 
insect population has escaped to foster 
new generations. 

Personally, I feel that a residual 
spray gives much better general con- 
trol and the most adequate along this 
line is wettable powder DDT, or its 

liquid form combined with Toxaphene 
(again without oil base). 

Of course, the whole idea of a 
residual spray is that the pests do not 
actually have to be contacted. Enough 
poison is left on the leaves to be 
lethal either by subsequent contact or 
by ingestion. The only serious de- 
ficiency to DDT is that it is not ef- 
fective for red spider mite. In fact, 
it will eliminate all the natural enemies 
of the red spider mite and the net ef- 
fect is frequently an explosion in the 
mite population. 

An acceptable solution to this prob- 
lem is to spray separately for red 
spider using Kelthane or Chlorobenzi- 
late. It is a nuisance to have to spray 
twice, but the overall control will be 
far superior to that attained by the 
use of Malathion alone. If I seem to 
be nagging on the subject of insecti- 
cides without oil, it is because I feel 
that emphasis is needed. Any number 
of people have told me that they 
sprayed their orchids with oil based 
materials and suffered no damage to 
roots or foliage, and I have no means 
of disproving this claim. But, ... it 
has been my experience over a period 
of years that even a small amount of 
oil, distillate, petroleum hydrocarbons 
or whatever other name the manufac- 
turers can dig up to confuse the public 
tends to burn root tips. And a simple 
way to check this out is to spray a new, 
tender root tip with an oil emulsion, 
then look at it next day — if you can 
find it. 

Systemic Sprays 

The systemic sprays have been hit- 
ting the advertising pages in the last 
two years, and I can recommend them 
with some reservations. Cygon is used 
extensively and although I have had 
some reports of damage, I feel that the 
user, not the product, was at fault. 
Application at one half the manu- 
facturer's suggested strength will give 
adequate control for those pests listed 
on the label, and if used at half 
strength it may be used more often. 
Cygon, incidentally, does not have an 
oil carrier. There are several other 
systemics on the market recently, but 

by Byron Geer 

San Diego County 
Orchid Society 

I have not tried them on my own or- 
chids. If you care to experiment, do 
so, but cut the application rate about 
in half until you have had a chance 
to observe the results. Damage, if any, 
will show up first in the root tips, and 
if there is any indication of burn or 
dehydration I would suggest that they 
not be used. 

Fungus is not a common problem 
with the home gardener, and I don't 
recommend the use of any fungicide 
unless there is actually trouble. Since 
all fungicides are non-selective in their 
action, it follows that anything of a 
fungoid nature will be destroyed, in- 
cluding those fungi which are bene- 
ficial to bacterial action. This, of 
course, we do not wish to do since 
much of our feeding program is de- 
pendent on the action of soil bacteria 
to break down food elements into 
usable structure. What I am saying 
here is, use a fungicide if there is a 
fungus problem, but don't throw the 
baby out with the bathwater by killing 
off all soil organisms. If a fungicide 
is necessary, Panogen is readily avail- 

APRIL - MAY, 1968 


able locally, and will do an excellent 
job. This material is highly toxic, and 
must be used with extreme care. For 
those who prefer wettable powder, a 
new dry fungicide has just come on 
the market. It is quite safe to use, and 
has one added advantage in that it is 
residual so that several successive 
waterings promote additional control 

Those Weeds 

Probably the most irksome task to 
be faced in the spring is the neces- 
sity to rid pots and potting space of 
weeds. So help me, I don't know 
where they come from. With warm 
days and spring rains the yellow oxalis 
just leaps up overnight. Oxalis and 
spotted spurge have one thing in com- 
mon, in that, if you pull it out by 
hand you scatter a hundred seeds for 
each plant you remove. At present I 
have the most beautiful pots of oxalis 
you ever saw. Undoubtedly, as I re- 
moved oxalis manually all this last win- 
ter. I have been busily sowing great 
quantities of seed which simply waited 
for the proper time. Now the oxalis is 
there in full force, and a chemical con- 
trol will be necessary. Sodium Thio- 
cyanate is the only answer to date, and 
this will mean at least three sprayings 
at two week intervals. Top growth 
only will be killed by the first spray- 
ing, and the successive treatments 
should get new growth and eventually 
discourage the roots. The outdoor or- 
chids don't seem to mind the treat- 
ment, and there is no reason why the 
greenhouse plants should object. I 
have never had an oxalis problem in 

the glasshouse, so have never used 
it, but reports from other growers are 
quite satisfactory. The other weeds in 
pots may be culled out by hand and 
they seem to get the message that they 
are not wanted. 


The spring housecleaning has to be 
done outside as well as inside, and 
this usually means a good deal of re- 
potting. Cymbidiums, of course, are 
starting out on their new growths, and 
most of the plants in the greenhouse 
will be pushing out new roots and 
leads. This is the optimum time to 
get them into new compost. If they 
are caught just before the new root 
collar is out far enough to break, there 
will be little or no setback to the plant 
in repotting. Plants that are in sheath 
or that are ripening growth prepara- 
tory to sheathing should, of course, 
not be touched until after blooming. I 
put freshly repotted plants back on 
the benches and treat them exactly 
the same as the other plants, but there 
are growers who insist that a hardening 
off by withholding water promotes 
faster development of the new roots 
and reduces the possibility of root rot. 

By the time we are caught up on 
all of the tasks to be done, there prob- 
ably won't be much time left to sit and 
enjoy the garden, or to go fishing or 
the many other things that sound like 
fun, but there is one more thing that 
can't be put off. Mark your calendar 
for the ORCHID SHOW to be held the 
middle of April. If one picture is 
worth a thousand words, one orchid 
show is worth a thousand pictures. 



by Mary Jane 

and ]. Wells Hershey, 

San Diego Rose Society 

955 First St. (Hwy. 101) Encinitas 

Phone 753-1196 

The wonder months are here! 
Everywhere you look, you either 
see wonderful roses, or you won- 
der why you do not! Yes, it is action 
time for rosarians : for the rose-pickers, 
whether they be rose-showers or rose- 
sharers; for the rose-watchers, whether 
they be "on patrol" for disease or in- 
sect problems, or "on lookout" for 
beautiful rose gardens; and for the 
rose-changers, whether they be replac- 
ing a rose bush or reorganizing a gar- 

"Now is the Time" Department 

1. To study and record the growth 
habits, color and substance of the 
newer roses. This can be accom- 
plished by visiting your local nurser- 
ies to see the container grown roses, as 
well as attending rose shows. The San 
Diego Rose Society is holding its 
4lst Annual Spring Rose Show on Sat- 
urday, April 13th and Sunday, April 
14th in the Conference Building, Bal- 
boa Park. 

Most nurseries have roses growing 
in cans available at a cost slightly 
higher than the amount charged during 
the bare-root season. It is well worth 
the increase in price to be able to se- 
lect a rose in bloom. It eliminates the 
loss of work, time and disappointment 
you might experience from a bare- 
root rose that does not break into 
growth, or fails to develop as adver- 
tised. Buy only five gallon cans, so 
that there is adequate space for root 
growth; check the bud union and the 
canes. The rose should be in vigorous 
growth. Inquire about the planter mix- 
ture used so that when you plant the 
bush you can match it. While it re- 
mains in the can, be certain that you 
establish a water schedule so that it 
will not dry out. Roses in cans must 
be watered daily. 

2. To prune your roses, following 
the Spring Rose Show, for show 
blooms for the American Rose So- 
ciety's National Rose Show, held in 
conjunction with its National Con- 
vention on June 8 and June 9, at 



Calendar of Care 

Disneyland Hotel. For additional 
show information, please call Mrs. Jim 
D. Campbell, National Rose Show 
Chairman, phone 278-4372. 

Remember to prune your roses 
for show blooms for the Rose Sec- 
tion, Horticultural Division of the 
Southern California Expo at Del 
Mar, Calif., from June 2 6- July 7. 
The San Diego Rose Society sponsors 
the rose section.' If you want to enter 
this year, you should secure a Premium 
List. Write to: Entry Supervisor, Fair- 
grounds Del Mar, California 92014. 
Entries close June 1, 1968. 

Remember that every time you cut 
a rose bloom you are pruning your 
bush. Mr. Richard D. Streeper, Vice- 
President of the San Diego Rose So- 
ciety stated in his article, "How to 
Grow Prize-Winning Roses" that: 
"Prize-winning roses generally 
have long stems. Therefore, 
prune to a bud that is capable 
of producing a strong stem. It 
is unlikely that the stem from the 
new bud will be any larger in 
diameter than the stem under 
the bud." 

3. To continue your fertilizing 
program. If you kept records from 
last year, you should have a fairly 
good idea of the amount of food to 
use, and how often you should apply 
it. Each person has his own plans for 
his garden. If there is some doubt in 
your mind as to what to use, and how 
often to use it, it is better to use a 
fertilizer that has been formulated for 
roses. Read the directions that have 
been prepared for the fertilizer and 
follow them. 

Rose fertilizer, with systemic insec- 
ticides which last for six weeks, is be- 
coming more and more popular. Cau- 
tion in handling this type is important. 
Whatever you buy, always take time 
to read the label and the directions. 
Never buy any insecticides without 
reading the label. And never feed 
your roses without watering them first. 

A healthy, vigorous, well-grown 
rose plant will not be as susceptible to 
pest attacks or diseases. Keep your 
plants happy, and you will be happy, 
too. Preventative measures should be 
taken for fungus diseases as when 
symptoms appear the damage has been 
done. A weekly spraying program 
produces good results. 

4. To select the roses you are go- 
ing to enter into competition at the 
Annual Spring Rose Show. As you 

walk through your garden, you can us- 
ually tell which blooms are going to be 
ready. Take a show schedule, felt pen 
with permanent ink, and some type of 
tag with you. For the tag, we use 
the white plastic strip we remove from 
the top of frozen orange juice cans, 
for this purpose. We write the name, 
the class it is to be entered in the 
show on the tag, and attach it to the 
rose's stem. When marked in this 
manner, you can keep checking the 
roses during the last week prior to the 
show. You can also groom the rose 
while it is still on the bush. This gives 
you two hands to work, and eliminates 
the chance of damage to the bloom 
which is ever present when you are 
working with a cut bloom. All 
would-be exhibitors who have not 
read Dr. Donald A. Wilson's ar- 
ticle, "Some Unwritten Considera- 
tions for Exhibitors" in the Decem- 
ber, 1967- January, 1968 issue of the 
Calfornia Garden, should do so. 

Exhibiting roses is like 'show busi- 
ness' because once it is in your blood, 
it only takes a blue first place ribbon, 
it never leaves. It is quite a bit of 
work, but the spirit of competition is 
there from one show to another. It 
is just as thrilling to see others win, 
and there is always the next time. To 
show a rose is to love a rose. Your 
flowers give you so much pleasure that 
it is only right that you should share 
this with others. 

Hope to see you at the rose show — 
remember April 13, 1968 on Satur- 
day, 2-9 p.m. and April 14, 1968 on 
Sunday, 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Con- 
ference Building in Balboa Park. ■ 

You Are Invited 
To Visit 


See our Directory 
on Page 35 



"Every thing For The Garden" 




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A garden is a lovesome thing — 

God wot! 
Rose plot 

Fringed pool 
Fern grot — 
The veriest school 

of peace 

— Thomas Edward Brown 



Made in San Diego 

Country Squire Rose Food is THE one that has been tested 
and approved by THE SAN DIEGO ROSE SOCIETY . . . 

This formula 8.8.8. is now available at the better nurseries. 
Accept no substitute — there is nothing like it on the market. 



P.O. Box 16, La Jolla, California 

APRIL -MAY, 1968 


by Larry Sisk, 

San Diego County Dahlia Society 

This is planting time. Continu- 
ing until Jate May, or even June, 
dahlia roots and green plants 
may be placed in the ground. 

They will bloom within 45 to about 
100 days after planting, depending on 
size of variety and on whether roots 
or green plants are set out. 

Medium sizes — the most popular 
6 to 8 inch blooms — will bloom in 
about 90 days if sprouted roots are 
planted. The smaller sizes bloom fast- 
er; the larger, slower. 

Using green plants reduce the time 
to bloom by about 30 days. 

Although it is later than most dah- 
lia fanciers like for planting seed, it 
actually isn't too late; planting of seed 
after May 15 isn't recommended. 

The difficulty with late seed plant- 
ing is that the flats and small plants 
need more care to avoid loss by drying 
out, burning, or wilting. 

Green plants still may be started 
from cuttings from sprouted roots, but 
the desirable season for this type of 
propagation is just about at its peak. 

Growing dahlias from roots or 
plants obtained from specialists is as 
simple and easy as almost any other 
kind of flower. No special soil, condi- 
tions, or tools are necessary. Good 
flowers may be produced right along 
with other flowers, in beds along the 
house or fence, or in a corner of the 
yard, if desired. Or, they may be 
grown in beds, patches or fields, all 
within limitations set by the gardener 

Planting Dahlias 

They may be grown in full sun, or 
in part shade. Excellent results are 
reaped from dahlias grown in half 
shade, especially if the shade protects 
the plants in late afternoon. Under 
extreme heat situations some blooms 
that are subject to fading will respond 
with full color under artificial shading. 

Ordinary soil found in the average 
flower bed or home garden is all that 
dahlias require. Of course, the better 
the soil, the better any plant will grow. 

The ideal for dahlias is garden 
loam slightly on the sandy side, with 
a pH of 6 to 7, if you want to get 
technical. Adding humus at time of 
planting, or as a mulch is recom- 

Some gardeners like to add bone- 
meal to the soil at time of planting, 
but other types of fertilizer should 
not be placed in the ground with the 
dahlia root or plant. The other types 
should have been placed in the soil 
earlier if desired, or may be added 
as a top or side dressing after growth 
is under way. If bonemeal is used, it 
becomes available to the plant about 
90 days after mixing with the soil. 

Dahlia fanciers usually go to ex- 
tremes in preparing their beds, but 
good results are often reaped by the 
gardener who just stirs a hole in the 
ground, plops in a dahlia root, waters 
it and lets it grow. Whatever one 
wants to do is recommended ! Just 
plant dahlias. 

Many Methods Used 
One of the leading dahlia experts 
of the country, Roy Webb of Scran- 
ton, Pa., merely stirs a hole in his 
garden soil heavy with anthracite coal 
ashes, sets a stake, and lays in a root, 
covers and waters it and then lets it 
grow. Another, Nat Lundgren, of 
Santa Cruz, Calif., plants very shal- 
low, almost on top of the ground, and 
covers with mulch and only a thin 
layer of soil. 

Those practices are fine for those 
who choose them, but turning the soil 
about 12 to 18 inches deep is recom- 
mended to those wanting advice. 

Supports Important 

Except for the small varieties, stakes 

should be placed in the soil for the 
medium and large dahlia plants to 
support them later and to prevent wind 
damage. At the base of the stake, dig 
a planting hole about 6 to 8 inches 
deep in loam or sandy soil, and about 
4 to 6 inches in clay or tighter. 

The root will have a visible "eye" 
or sprout on it; if it doesn't, don't 
plant it. 

Lay the root on its side, with the 
eye or sprout up, in the bottom of the 
hole about two inches from the stake. 
Cover the root with soil and water it 
sufficiently to dampen the soil to the 
bottom of the hole, and then leave it 
alone until the sprout emerges and 
forms leaves. 

Regular Care 

After a set of leaves forms on the 
sprout, begin a regular routine of 
watering, spraying and fertilizing, to 
continue as long as flowers are wanted. 
Water deeply when the top of the 
soil is dry — about every six to eight 
days; spray for insects as soon as two 
sets of leaves form, and continue each 
week for prevention, unless systemic 
insecticides are used and instructions 
for frequency of application are fol- 
lowed; and, fertilize about every four 
weeks for best results, or don't fertilize 
at all and still have pretty good 

As soon as three sets of leaves are 
formed, pinch out the growing tip 
to make the dahlia plant bush out. 
Pinch out more growing tips from the 
branches as they grow, if more and 
smaller flowers are wanted. 

If larger (and fewer) dahlia blooms 
are desired, restrict the number of 
branches or canes to six or eight for 
medium sizes and four to six for the 
large. New canes continuing to form 
at the leaf nodes should be removed 
as they appear to keep the plant un- 
der control. 

Three buds will form at the end of 
each cane. Two of these — the out- 
side ones — should be pinched or 
rubbed out so that only one flower 
will develop. However, if the tiniest 
poms are being grown, no disbudding 
is required, and if the gardener wants 
just flowers and lots of them, let the 
plants grow and the dahlia color and 
spectacular flowers will be rewarding. 




by Virginia M. Innis 

census of San Diego was ap- 
proximately the same count as 
the present population of Vista, Cali- 
fornia. Although the span of time 
difference exists, it is a coincidence 
that in '68 with a population slightly 
under 23,000, both cities will have to 
face the issue of meeting the park 
needs of the people. When San Diego 
acquired Balboa Park in 1868, the 
1,400 acres were valued at $6,000. 
(The acquisition culminated twenty 
years of effort to acquire the land.) 

California Garden carried a story 
on the need for parks in Vista in the 
past edition, February-March '68. The 
story explained how city manager 
Thomas R. Parks and the Vista city 
council were attempting to change the 
harsh statistics of each citizen being 
represented by 7.8 feet of park space, 
including blacktop and park buildings. 
Park lands which could be acquired 
by public acceptance of a bond issue 
in the June primary were shown with 
the magazine article. Since the story 
appeared, important developments have 

Subsequent Developments 

A few days after the magazine 
reached the newsstands, Mr. and Mrs. 
Ralph Bringle gave the city of Vista 
39 acres of land adjoining the pro- 
posed park site. The photograph in 
the February issue showed a strip of 
land totaling under eight acres which 
the Bringles had promised to give the 
city if the park bonds passed. The 
Bringle gift included the pictured strip 
and a horseshoe shape of land that 
forms a U-shape around the solitary 
residence in the area. The only string 
attached to the Bringle gift was the 
stipulation that a street be installed to 
serve the owners of that house, Mr. 
and Mrs. P. H. Smitgen. 

On February 18 a story telling of 
the Bringle gift appeared in an edi- 
torial by the Vista Press. The edi- 
torial suggested, "A 60-foot easement 
on three sides of the Smitgen land can 
eventually be paved and lots sold from 
the Bringle gift for sufficient money to 
assist in the development of the lower 
property as a park." It seems a pity 
that the influence of the press could 
have been pitted into such a shallow 
and unimaginative statement. 

Each year thousands are attracted 
to Descanso Gardens, camellia gardens 
under huge black-trunk trees, once the 
estate of Manchester Boddy. When the 
citizens of La Canada feared the gar- 
den would be sub-divided and lots 
sold, they acted to preserve the estate 
as a Los Angeles County park. The 
Boddy residence on the property was 
retained and serves as a meeting place 
for many civic groups, but bi-annually 
the house is the scene for one of the 
outstanding Christmas decoration 
shows in California. Instead of sell- 
ing off lots adjacent to the park-sur- 
rounded house, Vista might entertain 
the thought of eventually acquiring 
that house. It worked at Descanso 

In March the Vista City council 
voted to place the two proposed pieces 
of land on the bond issue separately. 
Citizens will have the choice of ac- 
quiring part or all of the proposed 
park lands. If both parcels of land 
are accepted by the voters and the 
Bringle gift added, Vista will have 
over fifty acres of park land to de- 
velop. It wouldn't make a Balboa 
Park but it would be a start toward 
meeting some of the recreational needs 
of the people. 

Few cities in the nation have parks 
the size of Balboa Park and there were 
people in San Diego who thought it 
was too expansive in 1868. At that 
time city fathers foresaw the growth 
of San Diego and set aside 1,400 acres 
of Pueblo Land for a park. It was a 
rugged and barren site where a few 
cattle grazed and a bit of gravel was 
dug. Later parts of the area served 
as a site for the dog pound and the 
city dump, but the land was dedicated 
to the public's use "forever" in 1870 
and Balboa Park was launched. 

STUBBS NURSERY 7 / . r / . / 



One block east of Vulcan 

277 Hillcrest Drive, North Leucadia 


The Fame of Balboa Park 

Possibly somewhat hastened by be- 
coming the site of a World's Fair, Bal- 
boa Park in 1915 was ready for the 
focus of the nation. The national 
sights have never left the park that 
has continued to develop through the 
years. Today the park is still the 
nucleus for the city's culture and rec- 
reation. The park offers lawn sports, 
tennis courts, a municipal swimming 
pool and golf course, and there are 
places to walk or picnic. There are 
art museums, scientific and historic mu- 
seums, buildings where flower shows 
and exhibits may be presented, build- 
ings where international societies, 
youth groups, cultural and civic or- 
ganizations may meet. There are two 
places where concerts may be pre- 
sented in the open air and there is an 
outstanding restaurant. 

There are too numerous offerings to 
mention but perhaps San Diego is 
proudest of its zoo, which is interna- 
tionally known as one of the largest 
and most beautiful zoos in the world. 
The zoo has brought fame to Balboa 
Park and to San Diego. 

Although Balboa Park continues to 
develop, most of its buildings and 
activities were in existence in 1945. 
By this time the city population had 
reached 387,200 and San Diego might 
have been content with her grand park, 
but she wasn't. The city asked the 
state for 4,604 acres of state park 
lands, most of which were under water 
in the Mission Bay Park. The city ac- 
quired these lands and are in the pro- 
cess of making it one of the nation's 
outstanding aquatic orientated parks. 

The marine park, Sea World, is a 
great attraction for those who desire 
to see the fish and ocean mammals. 
This area is dotted with scenic marinas, 
beautiful motels and outstanding res- 
taurants. Like the San Diego Zoo, 
much of the now developed area is 
self supporting. The city at the pres- 
ent, plans to develop as much land on 
the Mission Bay side of Highway 
Interstate 5 as they have developed in 
the Mission Bay area proper. 

Foresight and Planning Did It 

The development of the San Diego 
parks may be attributed to leaders who 
possessed foresight and equally to an 
enlightened citizenry who have sup- 
ported the expense and expansion of 
the parks. The city of San Diego is 
finishing the first year of a six-year 
program in which they will spend 21 
million which the San Diego voters 

APRIL -MAY, 1968 


approved in park bonds. Balboa Park 
will receive some new buildings and 
some face lifting with seven million 
dollars of the funds; another seven 
million will be spent in developing 
the new area of Mission Beach. The 
remaining funds will be spent in en- 
larging present parks and in building 
new parks. One totally new park for 
San Diego is the Grant Hill Park in 
Southwest San Diego, and San Diego 
like Vista will apply for the 50% 
Open Land Program rebate from the 
Federal government. 

Parks do not just happen, they are 
planned by leaders who have vision. 
They are welcomed or limited by the 
taxpayer. A beautiful park always to 
an extent reflects the values of a com- 
munity or city. If Vista chooses to 
support a park and that park reaches 
only a proportion of the utility or 
beauty of Balboa Park or Mission Bay 
Park, a Vista citizen couldn't get more 
for his money by spending it any 
other way. 

The Vista leaders have provided the 
leadership in putting forth the pro- 
position, and they have acquired the 
services of a landscape architect, Roy 
H. Seifert, to provide correct land 
planning. In June the voters will say 
No, or "I'll buy that." That's how 
parks are financed. q 

Man Versus Weeds . . . 

Continued from page 28 

grow — and their numbers multiply 

Davis researchers have found a 
chemical that will spread through the 
mother plant and cause simultaneous 
sprouting of as many as three of these 
connected root "seeds." 

"We're still working on this one," 
Bayer says. "We need to be able to 
sprout and then kill all the plants at 
once before they each develop new 

The Davis researchers also are ex- 
amining materials that cause plants to 
move herbicides or growth-affecting 
hormones through their systems more 
effectively, and to concentrate these 
chemicals in the most vulnerable 
sites. ■ 

Every Sunday afternoon 

you are invited to 


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(Under the sponsorship of 
The Park and Recreation Dept., City of San Diego) 

Third Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Mr. Virgil H. Schade 298-1949 

1633 Pennsylvania 


First Thursday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Harry B. Cutler 466-7579 

4671 Toni Lane, S.D. 92115 



Second Thursday Floral Building 
P.O. Box 12162, S. D., Calif. 92112 
Pres: Howard Voss 1-753-5415 

1290 Birmingham Dr., Encinitas, Calif. 92024 



Meets every Thursday, 12m to I p.m. 
Garden House, Grape and 101 Civic Center 

Pres.: Mrs. Donald A. Innis 298-1690 

1827 Puterbaugh, S.D. 92103 
Rep.: James Saraceno 274-2628 

3366 Lloyd St., S.D. 92117 


First Wednesday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. James R. Buman 
4651 Mt. Alifan Dr., S.D. 921 1 1 277-4872 


Fourth Monday, Floral Bldg., 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Jim D. Campbell 278-4372 

2903 Greyling Dr., S.D. 92123 
Rep.: Dr. J. W. Troxell 282-9131 

4950 Canterbury Drive, S.D. 92116 


Third Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: C. Frank Carpenter 583-1064 

5281 Remington Rd., S.D. 92115 

Rep.: Mrs. Mary Panek 222-5031 

4680 Del Monte Ave., S.D. 92107 
First Friday, Floral Bldg., 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Harold A. Skinner 222-1211 

3530 Lowell, S.D. 92106 

Rep.: Mrs. Lorraine Warner 222-9133 

746 Cordova St., S.D. 92107 
Second Sunday, Floral Bldg., 1-5 p.m. 
Pres.: Dr. Benjamin Stilwell 
9402 La Jolla Farms Rd., L.J. 92037 453-2462 

Rep.: Mrs. Ray Hosier 
743 Nautilus St., L.J. 92037 459-6706 


First Saturday, Floral Building, 2 p.m. 
Pres.: Reuben V. Vaughan 223-7629 

1041 Le Roy St., S.D. 92106 
Rep.: Frank Mousseau 
5955 Lauretta, S.D. 92110 295-9596 


Second Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Samuel E. Foster 444-5314 

202 Carter, E| Caion 92020 
Rep.: Mrs. Lester Crowder 295-5871 

3130 Second St., S.D. 92103 


Second and Fourth Thursday, 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Clem Runner 463-6957 

4929 Rosehedge Dr., La Mesa 92041 
Rep.: John Basney 273-4636 

4731 Conrad Ave., S.D. 92117 
Fourth Tuesday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Gerald L. Lohmann 279-5135 

6616 Rock Glen Ave., S.D. 921 1 1 
Rep.: Mrs. R. M. Middleton 296-3246 

3944 Centre St.. S.D. 92103 


Meets 3rd Sunday, Floral Bldg., 2:30 p.m. 
Pres,: Arthur B. Day 422-5172 

279 J St. Chula Vista 92010 

Rep.: Mrs. J. Otto Crocker 582-5316 

4749 Redlands Dr., S.D. 
First Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Robert Coats 469-6227 

7340 Santa Maria Dr., La Mesa 
Rep.: Byron Geer 279-1191 

5094 Mt. La Platta Dr., S.D. 92117 


Second Monday, Floral Building, 8 o.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. F. H. Richardson 281-9267, 282-2573 
4067 Monroe Ave., S.D. 92116 

Third Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Charles W. Benson 274-1626 

3640 Crown Point Dr., S.D. 92109 
Rep.: Mrs. Felix White 264-4440 

5282 Imperial Ave., S.D. 92114 


First Wednesday, Floral Building, 10:30 a.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Harry K. Ford 583-4320 

4851 Lorraine Dr., S.D. 92115 
Rep.: Mrs. Roland S. Hoyt 296-2757 

2271 Ft. Stockton Dr., S.D. 92103 



Third Friday, Homes of Members, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Miss Myrle Patterson 224-1572 

4310 Piedmont Dr., S.D. 92107 


First Wednesday, 1:30 Seven Oaks Community 
Center, Bernardo Oaks Dr., Rancho Bernardo 

Pres.: Mrs. H. Carl A. Andersen 748-1925 

16715 Cresta Dr., S.D. 92128 


First Friday, VFW Hall, Carlsbad, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Daniel N. Kurily 729-6618 

1430 Forest Ave., Carlsbad 92108 
Second Tuesday, Norman Park Recreation 
Center, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mr. August H. Goerke 420-3930 

481 Flower, Chula Vista 92110 
Meets 3rd Wednesday 1:00 p.m. 
C.V. Woman's Club Bldg., 357 G St., C.V. 
Pres.: Mrs. Benjamin Tate 420-1700 

99 Second St., Chula Vista 92010 
Pres.: Mrs. Raymond E. Smith 488-0830 

4995 Fanuel St., Pacific Beach 92109 
Meets Third Tuesday, 9:30 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Stanley Fletcher 276-2520 

3090 Chicago St., S.D. 92117 


Meets 1st Tuesday, Red Cross Bldg., 1113 Adella 

Pres.: Cdr. Philip H. Dennler 435-3337 

331 B St., Coronado 92118 
Third Tuesday, Knights of Columbus Hall, 
3827 43rd St., S.D. 92105, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Charles Williams 284-2317 

4240 46th, S.D. 92115 


Fourth Thursday, Red Cross Bldg, 1113 Adella 
Lane, 9:00 a.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Robert H. Keehn 435-8268 

I 1 1 1 Coronado, Coronado 921 18 
First Wednesday, Encinitas Union Elementary 
School, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. I. F. Nichols 753-5409 

159 Diana, Leucadia 92046 


Meets 2nd Tuesday, Pauma Valley Center 1:30 

Pres.: Mrs. R. B. Davidson 745-9445 

R. I, Box 361, Valley Center 92061 

EL CAJON WOMAN'S CLUB (Garden Section) 

Pres.: Mrs. John Ohlson 444-2753 

655 Bradford Rd., El Cajon 92020 


3rd Friday, Veterans Memorial Hall 1:00 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Lawrence Mineah 745-9629 

201 S. Upas, Escondido 
Last Thursday, Fallbrook Woman's Clubhouse, 
1:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Roman E. Shore 728-7044 

1211 Pepper Tree Lane, Fallbrook 92028 
Second Monday, La Mesa Chamber of Commerce 
Bldg., University Ave., La Mesa 92041 
Pres.: Mrs. James Culver 466-6388 

8558 Boulder Dr., La Mesa 92041 
Meets at Members' Homes Quarterly. 
Pres.: Mrs. Eugene Cooper 295-7938 

3rd Tuesday, Imperial Beach Civic Center, 
1:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Chris Roberts 424-6936 

553 Spruce St., Imperial Beach 92032 
3rd Monday, Lakeside Farm School, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Loy M. Smith 443-3089 

9511 Farmington Dr., Lakeside 92040 
LA MESA WOMAN'S CLUB (Garden Section) 
3rd Thursday, La Mesa Women's Club, 1:00 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Allen W. Carpenter 583-7508 

5169 Ewing, S.D. 

Third Monday, 10 a.m. Homes of members 
Pres.: Mrs. James I. Robinson 223-0125 

3443 Whittier St., S.D. 92106 
(Garden Section) 

First Tuesday, Lemon Grove Woman's Club 
House, I p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Hal Crow 466-3330 

3850 Quarry Rd., La Mesa 


Meets First Monday, 8 p.m. 
Barbour Hall, Pershing and University 
Mrs. Vera Eimar 477-5344 

II29E 16th St., National City 92050 
Third Wednesday, National City Community 
Bldg., 7:30 p.m. 

Pres.: Arliss A. Agnew 477-8416 

420 Twelfth St., National City 92050 
Meets First Tuesday, 7:30 p.m. at 
Palomar College 
Pres.: James A. Kirk 748-3870 

15131 Espola Road, Poway 
Second Sat., 1:30 p.m. Seacoast Hall, Encinitas 
Pres.: E. Grove Teaney 726-3728 

114 Natal Wy., Vista 


Second Wednesday, S. Oceanside School 
Auditorium, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. John B. Stanton 726-1466 

1858 Avocado Dr., Vista 92083 
Meet second Monday, 7:30 p.m. Community 
Club House, Gresham and Diamond Sts., 
Pacific Beach 
Pres.: Mrs. Charles E. Domler 283-3642 

5158 Hastings Rd., S.D. 92116 


Third Saturday, I p.m., Palomar College Foreign 
Language Building, Room F22 
Pres.: Mrs. Mildred Gregory 724-4986 

339 S. Melrose Dr., Vista 92083 
Meets Third Wednesday, 7:30 p.m., Avocado 
Inn, 114 Hillside Terrace, Vista 
Pres.: Eugene A. Casey 753-3571 

932 Crest Drive, Encinitas 


2nd Wednesday, 9:30 a.m., Community Church 

Pres.: Mrs. Ervin Pringle 748-1894 

13517 Poway Rd. #H Poway 92064 


Second Tuesday— Club House, 2:00 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Edmund T. Price 756-2204 

Box 576, Rancho Santa Fe 92067 


Fourth Tuesday, San Carlos Club. 6955 Golfcrest 

Pres. Mrs. Glenn F. Bliss 463-4349 

6275 Cowles Mountain, San Diego 92119 


Fourth Monday, Barbour Hall - Univ & 
Pershing, 8 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Eugene Cooper 295-7938 

4444 Arista Dr., S.D. 92103 


Second Monday, 7:30 p.m. Meets at home of 

Pres.: Mrs. Cleoves Hardin 469-3038 

9295 Harness Rd., Spring Valley 92077 

Home & Garden Sec. 

Pres.: Mrs. Lawrence A. Larson 232-8231 

1468 C St.. S.D. 


Third Wednesday, Seacoast Savings Building, 
Encinitas, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Waldo Vogt 755-4772 

773 Barbara Ave., Solana Beach 92075 


First Wed., Youth Center, Lemon Grove 

Pres.: Ferris Jones 466-0138 

4610 68th St., S.D. 


Second Monday, Ramona Women's Club House, 
5th and Main, 9:30 a.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Stanley MacKenzie 789-1135 

R. I, Box 949, Ramona 92065 


Pres.: Mrs. Leon Roloff 448-0291 

9138 Willow Grove Ave., Santee 92071 


First Monday, 7:30 p.m. Meets at home of 
Temporary President 

Temp. Pres.: Cleoves Hardin 469-3038 

9195 Harness Rd., Spring Valley 92077 


Meets 3rd Thursday, 10 a.m. Homes of members 

Pres.: Mrs. Brown Thompson III 
16728 Espola Rd., Poway 92064 


First Friday, Vista Rec. Center 1:00 p.m. 

Pres.: Mrs. Daniel Mich 724-8020 

551 Morningside PI., Vista 92083 


Second Tuesday, 2 p.m. Family Association 

Pres.: Mrs. Clara Haskins 465-0910 

2352 El Prado, Lemon Grove 52045 

The prettiest things 

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and Hazard Brie for walls, walks, harhecues, and in a 
thousand and one ways to heautif y your home and garden. 

• HAZARD BLOC— Scores of sizes and shapes, in a selection of colors, for retaining 

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MISSION VALLEY — Friars Road and Highway 395 — 297-4141 

EL CAJON — 288 Fletcher Parkway — 444-3124 

SOUTH BAY — 5th and C Streets, Chula Vista — 427-2062